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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - used as a flour[1]. A famine food, they are only used when all else fails[2].

Material uses

Plants can be used for informal hedging in areas that are frost free or almost so[3]. A brown dye is obtained from the bark[4][5].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Rhaphiolepis umbellata.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a shady position in a warm greenhouse[6]. Stored seed should be sown in February/March in a warm greenhouse[6]. Germination is variable[6]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5cm with a heel, September/October in a frame. Fair percentage[6][7].

Layering[3].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Rhaphiolepis umbellata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a well-drained moisture retentive fertile loam or peaty soil in a warm sheltered sunny position[8][3]. Prefers a position in light shade[9]. An easily grown plant but it is intolerant of dry cold[10]. Judging by its habitat, it should be fairly tolerant of maritime exposure[11]. Plants are tolerant of sea spray[12].

Tolerating temperatures down to about -15°c[3], it is normally hardy at Kew[13]. A polymorphic species[11], there are some named varieties selected for their ornamental value[3]. The plant bears honey-scented hawthorn-like blossoms[12]. Plants do not require pruning[14]. They are of slow to moderate growth rate[9].

Plants resent root disturbance and so are best grown in pots and then planted out into their permanent positions as soon as possible[3].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Rhaphiolepis umbellata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Rhaphiolepis umbellata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Rhaphiolepis umbellata
Genus
Rhaphiolepis
Family
Rosaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.63.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  7. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (1990-00-00)
  10. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  13. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  14. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)

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