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Uses

Toxic parts

The plant is slightly toxic, the toxins are dissipated by heat or by drying the plant[1]. Repeated handling of the plant can cause skin irritation in some people[2].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Pulsatilla vulgaris.

Material uses

A green dye is obtained from the flowers[2]. Plants can be grown to form a ground cover, they are best spaced about 30cm apart each way[3].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Pasque flower is considered by herbalists to be of highly valuable modern curative use as a herbal simple[4]. The plant contains the glycoside ranunculin, this is converted to anemonine when the plant is dried and is the medicinally active principle in the plant[5].

The whole plant is alterative, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, nervine and sedative[4][6][7]. It is taken internally in the treatment of pre-menstrual syndrome, inflammations of the reproductive organs, tension headaches, neuralgia, insomnia, hyperactivity, bacterial skin infections, septicaemia, spasmodic coughs in asthma, whooping cough and bronchitis[2]. Externally, it is used to treat eye conditions such as diseases of the retina, senile cataract and glaucoma[8]. This remedy should be used with caution[7], excessive doses cause diarrhoea and vomiting[2]. It should not be prescribed to patients with colds[2]. See also the notes above on toxicity[7]. The plant is harvested soon after flowering, it is more poisonous when fresh and so should be carefully preserved by drying[4][5]. It should not be stored for longer than 12 months before being used[4].

In homeopathy, the plant is considered to be specific in the treatment of measles[8]. It is also used for treating nettle rash, toothache, earache and bilious indigestion[8].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in early summer in a cold frame. The seed usually germinates in about 2 - 3 weeks. Sow stored seed in late winter in a cold frame. Germination takes about 1 - 6 months at 15°c. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in the spring. Root cuttings, 4cm long taken in early winter, potted up in a mixture of peat and sand[9]. They can also be taken in July/August, planted vertically in pots in a greenhouse or frame. Some care is needed since the plant resents root disturbance[10].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Pulsatilla vulgaris. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a well-drained humus rich gritty soil in a sunny position[10]. Lime tolerant[11]. Prefers lime[12]. Grows best in a well-drained chalky soil in a dry warm situation[5]. Established plants are fairly drought tolerant[13].

A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to about -20°c[12]. A very ornamental plant[11], there are many named varieties[12]. The plant has become rare in its natural environment, due partly to over-collecting and partly to habitat loss[2]. Large plants transplant badly[10].

A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[14].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Pulsatilla vulgaris. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Pulsatilla vulgaris.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Pulsatilla vulgaris
Genus
Pulsatilla
Family
Ranunculaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

  1. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.7 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Stuart. M. (Editor) The Encyclopedia of Herbs and Herbalism Orbis Publishing. London. ISBN 0-85613-067-2 (1979-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
  9. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Focus on Plants. Volume 5. (formerly 'Growing from seed') Thompson and Morgan. (1991-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
  13. ? Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent ISBN 0460045512 (1982-00-00)
  14. ? Hatfield. A. W. How to Enjoy your Weeds. Frederick Muller Ltd ISBN 0-584-10141-4 (1977-00-00)
  15. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)