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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves - raw or cooked[1]. The very young leaves have a fairly mild flavour but with a slight bitterness[K]. Used in salads before they become tough[1]. The inflorescence is sweet and is sucked by children[2][3].

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

The leaves are a cure for blight on fruit trees[4].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves, flowering stems and roots are somewhat astringent, deobstruent, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, haemostatic, refrigerant and vulnerary[5][1]. They are applied externally to skin inflammations, malignant ulcers, cuts etc[5][1]. A mouthwash made from the leaves helps to relieve toothache and a distilled water is a good eyewash[1].

The seeds are demulcent and laxative[5][1].

Plantain seeds contain up to 30% mucilage which swells up in the gut, acting as a bulk laxative and soothing irritated membranes[6]. Sometimes the seed husks are used without the seeds[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in early summer. A sowing can be made outdoors in situ in mid to late spring if you have enough seeds.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Plantago media. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in any moderately fertile soil in a sunny position[7].

Grows well in the spring meadow[8]. An important food plant for the caterpillars of many species of butterflies[9].

The flowers are sweetly scented[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Plantago media. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Plantago media.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Plantago media
Genus
Plantago
Family
Plantaginaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.61.7 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (1979-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  8. ? Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()
  9. ? Carter D. Butterflies and Moths in Britain and Europe. Pan ISBN 0-330-26642-x (1982-00-00)
  10. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  11. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-17

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-1" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

"image:Plantago-media.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Plantago media"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyPlantaginaceae +
Belongs to genusPlantago +
Has common nameHoary Plantain +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFlowers + and Leaves +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Wind +, Flies +, Beetles + and Bee +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imagePlantago-media.JPG +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useFungicide +
Has mature height0.1 +
Has mature width0.1 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAstringent +, Demulcent +, Deobstruent +, Depurative +, Diuretic +, Expectorant +, Haemostatic +, Laxative +, Odontalgic +, Ophthalmic + and Refrigerant +
Has primary imagePlantago-media.JPG +
Has search nameplantago media + and x +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy namePlantago media +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +