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Uses

Toxic parts

This plant contains saponins[1][2]. Saponins are found in many foods, such as some beans, and although they are fairly toxic to people they are poorly absorbed by the body and most pass straight through without any problem. They are also broken down if the food is thoroughly cooked for a long time. Saponins are much more toxic to some creatures, such as fish, and hunting tribes have traditionally put large quantities of them in streams, lakes etc in order to stupefy or kill the fish[K].

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - dried and ground into a powder[3][4][5]. Very bitter[6][7][8]. A good edible gum is obtained from this plant[7][5]. It oozes from wounded branches[8].

Unknown part

Gum

Material uses

The plant contains saponins. These have the potential to be used as soap or as a bird repellent. Since they are very bitter they can be sprayed over plants that you do not want the birds to eat. The saponins are easily removed by washing or the next rain shower. Wood - close grained, very hard. Used for turnery, cabinet making etc[2].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Antispasmodic, antipruritic, galactogogue. Used in the treatment of eczema, pruritis and colds.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow when ripe in the autumn or in late winter in a warm greenhouse[9][10]. The seed usually germinates freely. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle, move the plants to a cold frame as soon as they are established and plant out late in the following spring[9]. Consider giving them some protection from the cold during their first winter outdoors.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 7cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Poor to fair percentage[9].

Basal ripewood cuttings late autumn in a cold frame[10].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Pittosporum phillyreoides. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a well-drained light loamy soil, succeeding in very dry soils[11][12]. Requires a sunny position[10]. Plants tolerate much wetter conditions in cultivation than they experience in their native habitat[12].

Not very hardy in Britain, tolerating temperatures down to about -5°c[10]. Plants succeed outdoors in Cornwall though they need greenhouse protection in other parts of the country[13]. A slow growing plant[12]. Very amenable to pruning, plants can be cut right back into old wood if required[10]. The species in this genus are very likely to hybridize with other members of the genus[10]. When growing a species from seed it is important to ensure that the seed either comes from a known wild source, or from isolated specimens in cultivation.

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Pittosporum phillyreoides. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Pittosporum phillyreoides.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Pittosporum phillyreoides
Genus
Pittosporum
Family
Pittosporaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Pittosporum phillyreoides 4.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? Lassak. E. V. and McCarthy. T. Australian Medicinal Plants. ()
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Ewart. A. J. Flora of Victoria. ()
  3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Crowe. A. Native Edible Plants of New Zealand. Hodder and Stoughton ISBN 0-340-508302 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.2 Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Wild Food in Australia. Fontana ISBN 0-00-634436-4 (1976-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Low. T. Wild Food Plants of Australia. Angus and Robertson. ISBN 0-207-14383-8 (1989-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.510.610.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Holliday. I. and Hill. R. A Field Guide to Australian Trees. Frederick Muller Ltd. ISBN 0-85179-627-3 (1974-00-00)
  13. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)

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