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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - raw or cooked[1]. Sweetish[2]. It is sweeter and oilier than an almond[3].

An edible oil is obtained from the seed[4][2]. The immature fruits, including the stems, are preserved in vinegar and salt. Known as 'atsjaar', they are used as a relish to accompany wines served during meals[2]. The fruit is about 7mm long and 6 mm wide, it contains a single seed[5]. Young leaves - cooked and used as a vegetable[1][2].

A resin from the trunk is used as a vegetable and as a chewing gum[1][2].

Fruit

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

Yields the resin 'Cyprus turpentine', which is obtained from incisions made in the bark (not the trunk) of the tree[6][3][7][8][4][5]. The incisions are made from mid summer to mid autumn[9]. It is mainly used medicinally in the treatment of cancer[10] and also as a chewing gum.

The plant can be used as a rootstock for the pistachio nut, P. vera[7]. A red dye is obtained from galls that are formed on the leaves by aphis[10].

The plant is a source of tannin[8].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The resin obtained from this tree (see below for more details) is antiseptic, antispasmodic, cytostatic, expectorant and vulnerary[10][9]. It is taken internally in the treatment of chronic bronchial infections, streptococcal, urinary and renal infections, haemorrhage, gallstones, tapeworm and rheumatism[9]. Externally, it is used to treat arthritis, gout, sciatica, scabies and lice[9]. It has also been used in the treatment of cancer[10].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Rootstock

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 16 hours in alkalized water[11], or for 3 - 4 days in warm water[6], and sow late winter in a cold frame or greenhouse[11][12]. Two months cold stratification may speed up germination, so it might be better to sow the seed in early winter[12]. The germination is variable and can be slow. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow on the plants for at least their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out into their permanent positions in early summer and consider giving some protection from winter cold for their first year or two outdoors[K].

Cuttings of half-ripe wood from juvenile trees, July in a frame[12].

Layering.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Pistacia terebinthus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a deep well-drained light soil[5], preferring a hot dry position in full sun[13]. It grows best in a sandy to stony alkaline soil[9].

This species is hardy in most of Britain but it is slow growing[6][5]. This contradicts the report, also in [5], that this plant is only hardy to zone 9 and is therefore intolerant of anything other than the lightest frosts. Any pruning that needs to be done is best carried out in the spring[9].

Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Pistacia terebinthus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Pistacia terebinthus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Pistacia terebinthus
Genus
Pistacia
Family
Pistaciaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
9 x 6 meters
Fertility
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Pistacia terebinthus fruits.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pistacia terebinthus fruits.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Pistacia terebinthus fruits.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Pistacia terebinthus fruits.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Rosengarten. jnr. F. The Book of Edible Nuts. Walker & Co. ISBN 0802707699 (1984-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.65.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.69.7 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.2 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  13. ? Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  14. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)

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Facts about "Pistacia terebinthus"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyPistaciaceae +
Belongs to genusPistacia +
Functions asRootstock +
Has binomial namePistacia terebinthus +
Has common nameTerebinth +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFruit +, Unknown part +, Leaves + and Seed +
Has edible useUnknown use +, Gum + and Oil +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeSelf sterile +
Has flowers of typeDioecious +
Has growth rateSlow +
Has hardiness zone9 +
Has imagePistacia terebinthus fruits.JPG +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useDye +, Resin + and Tannin +
Has mature height9 +
Has mature width6 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useCytostatic +
Has primary imagePistacia terebinthus fruits.JPG +
Has search namepistacia terebinthus + and terebinth +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy namePistacia terebinthus +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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