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Uses

Toxic parts

The plant is toxic[1]. This report probably refers to the presence of calcium oxylate. This is toxic and if consumed makes the mouth and digestive tract feel as though hundreds of needles are being stuck into it. However, calcium oxylate is easily destroyed by thoroughly cooking or drying the plant[2].

Edible uses

Notes

Root[3]. The tuber is about 12mm in diameter[4]. No more details of edibility are given in these reports but caution is advised since the fresh root is toxic[5]. The toxins can be destroyed by thoroughly drying, or very well cooking the root[K].

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Pinellia ternata.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root of ban xia is antiemetic, antiphlogistic, expectorant, febrifuge, sialagogue and styptic. It also strengthens the spleen[1][6][7][8][9]. Modern research has shown that this remedy is very effective in controlling nausea and vomiting[5]. It is also an ingredient of a Chinese prescription for removing gallstones without surgery, a process that usually causes severe nausea[5]. The root is also used internally in the treatment of coughs with thin watery phlegm and gastritis[5]. The fresh root is extremely acrid and contains toxins, these are neutralized upon drying or by soaking in tea or vinegar[5]. The root is harvested in the summer and dried for later use, it should not be used fresh[6][5]. Extracts of the plant have been shown to have analgesic, antiemetic, anticancer and sedative activity[10].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - we have no information but suggest sowing the seed in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe if this is possible otherwise in early spring. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Division of offsets as new growth begins in spring[5].

Bulbils from the leaf axils can be potted up in late summer and be planted out in late spring[5].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Pinellia ternata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown when given a rich soil, it requires plenty of water in the growing season[11]. Succeeds in full sun or partial shade[12].

This species is cultivated as a medicinal plant in China[8].

Plants produce bulbils in their leaf axils and when growing in suitable conditions can become invasive[12][5]. The plants can be naturalized in woodland[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Pinellia ternata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Pinellia ternata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Pinellia ternata
Genus
Pinellia
Family
Araceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Pinellia ternata01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pinellia ternata01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Pinellia ternata01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Pinellia ternata01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Pinellia ternata01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Pinellia ternata01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Pinellia ternata01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Pinellia ternata01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Pinellia ternata01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Pinellia ternata01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    2. ? Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    3. ? 3.03.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)
    5. ? 5.005.015.025.035.045.055.065.075.085.095.10 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Kariyone. T. Atlas of Medicinal Plants. ()
    7. ? 7.07.1 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    9. ? 9.09.1 Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea World Health Organisation, Manila ISBN 92 9061 120 0 (1998-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    13. ? Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)
    14. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

    "image:Pinellia ternata01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.