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Uses

Toxic parts

The leaves contain a toxic alkaloid[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[2][3][4]. Sweet and aromatic with an agreeable flavour[3][5]. The fruit is up to 2cm in diameter[3]. The leaves and bark are used as a condiment[6].

Unknown part

Fruit

Material uses

The bark is a source of tannin and is also used as a dye[2][1][7].

A deliciously fragrant essential oil is obtained from the leaves[8]. The dried and powdered leaves are scattered amongst clothes to sweeten them and repel insects[8]. The small fruits are dried and used as beads in necklaces[8]. When warmed by the body or the sun they release the scent of cinnamon[8].

The wood is used for making charcoal[1].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Boldu is a traditional remedy used by the Araucanian Indians of Chile as a tonic. The plant stimulates liver activity and bile flow and is chiefly valued as a remedy for gallstones and liver or gallbladder pain[9]. It is normally taken for only a few weeks at a time, either as an infusion or as a tincture[9]. It is often combined with other herbs such as Berberis vulgaris or Chionanthus virginicus in the treatment of gallstones[9].

The leaves are analgesic, antiseptic (urinary), bitter, cholagogue, diuretic, stimulant and tonic[1][10][11][12]. They are considered a valuable cure for gonorrhoea in S. America[1]. The plant is taken internally in the treatment of liver disease (though the bark is more effective here), gallstones, urinary tract infections, intestinal parasites and rheumatism[7]. It has been used in the past as a substitute for quinine in the treatment of malaria[7]. The leaves are harvested during the growing season and are dried for later use[7]. Some caution is advised, the plant should not be used by pregnant women[9]. See also the notes above on toxicity. A volatile oil obtained from the plant destroys internal parasites[7].

Alkaloids contained in the bark are a stimulant for the liver[7].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a warm greenhouse. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in early summer and give them some protection from winter cold for at least their first winter or two outdoors. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame[13]. Grow the cuttings on in the frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Peumus boldus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Dislikes soils that are too moist[4]. Prefers a well-drained acid sandy soil in full sun[4][13][7].

Hardy in climatic zone 9 (tolerating occasional light frosts), this plant normally requires greenhouse protection in Britain but is capable of withstanding light frosts and might succeed outdoors in the mildest areas of the country, especially if grown against a sunny wall[4][13]. One report says that the plant succeeds outdoors at Kew Gardens in London, where it often flowers all year round[8]. All parts of the plant are sweetly aromatic[8]. The leaves have a lemon-camphor aroma[7].

Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if fruit and seed is required[7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Peumus boldus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Peumus boldus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Peumus boldus
Genus
Peumus
Family
Monimiaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    6 x meters
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Peumus boldus raceme 11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Peumus boldus raceme 11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Peumus boldus raceme 11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Peumus boldus raceme 11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Peumus boldus raceme 11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Peumus boldus raceme 11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Peumus boldus raceme 11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Peumus boldus raceme 11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Peumus boldus raceme 11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Peumus boldus raceme 11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.6 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    7. ? 7.007.017.027.037.047.057.067.077.087.097.10 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.6 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.4 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
    12. ? 12.012.1 Britton. N. L. Brown. A. An Illustrated Flora of the Northern United States and Canada Dover Publications. New York. ISBN 0-486-22642-5 (1970-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

    "image:Peumus boldus raceme 11.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Peumus boldus"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyMonimiaceae +
    Belongs to genusPeumus +
    Has binomial namePeumus boldus +
    Has common nameBoldu +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part + and Fruit +
    Has edible useCondiment + and Unknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Insects +
    Has flowers of typeDioecious +
    Has growth rateSlow +
    Has hardiness zone9 +
    Has imagePeumus boldus raceme 11.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useBeads +, Charcoal +, Dye +, Essential +, Repellent + and Tannin +
    Has mature height6 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnalgesic +, Antiseptic +, Bitter +, Cholagogue +, Diuretic +, Stimulant + and Tonic +
    Has primary imagePeumus boldus raceme 11.jpg +
    Has search namepeumus boldus + and boldu +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy namePeumus boldus +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus +, Peumus boldus + and Peumus boldus +