This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

Poisonous[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Seed[2]. A sweet flavour, but mawkish[3].

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Paris polyphylla.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The roots are analgesic, antiphlogistic, antipyretic, antispasmodic, antitussive, depurative, febrifuge and narcotic[1][4][5][6]. They posses anthelmintic properties[7]. A decoction of the roots is used in the treatment of poisonous snake bites, boils and ulcers, diphtheria and epidemic Japanese B encephalitis[4]. A paste of the roots is used as a poultice to treat cuts and wounds[8]. The juice of the roots has been used as an anthelmintic[8].

The roots have shown antibacterial action against Bacillus dysenteriae, B. typhi, B. paratyphi, E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, haemolytic streptococci, Meningococci etc[5].

The whole plant is febrifuge[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in late summer in light shade in a greenhouse. Sow stored seed in a greenhouse as soon as it is received. The seed is very slow to germinate. It produces a primary root about 7 months after sowing, this pulls the seed deeper into the soil. Leaves are produced about 4 months later[9]. Sow the seed thinly in fairly deep pots so that the seedlings can be grown on for their first two years without disturbance. Once they have germinated, give them a regular weak liquid feed to ensure that they do not suffer from nutrient deficiency. Once the plants are dormant at the end of their second year of growth, divide them up and put one plant in each pot. Grow them on for at least another year in a shady part of the greenhouse before planting them out into their permanent positions. Division.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Paris polyphylla. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in a moist humus-rich soil in woodland conditions, succeeding in full or partial shade[10][11][12]. Prefers a light sandy loam[13].

This species is hardy to about -15°c according to one report[11], though another says that plants only succeed outdoors in southern and western Britain[13]. Overcollection of this plant from the wild for medicinal purposes is a cause of conservation concern[8]. A very variable species, with a large number of subspecies recognised[14].

Plants are very slow to flower from seed[9]. The individual flowers are very long-lived, lasting for up to 3 months[11][12].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Paris polyphylla. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Paris polyphylla.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Paris polyphylla
Genus
Paris
Family
Trilliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
partial sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Medicinal Plants of Nepal Dept. of Medicinal Plants. Nepal. (1993-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 ? The Plantsman. Vol. 9. 1986 - 1987. Royal Horticultural Society (1986-00-00)
    10. ? Phillips. R. and Rix. M. Bulbs Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30253-1 (1989-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)
    15. ? Polunin. O. and Stainton. A. Flowers of the Himalayas. Oxford Universtiy Press (1984-00-00)

    "image:Paris polyphylla PICT6030.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.