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Uses

Toxic parts

All parts of the plant are poisonous[1][2][3], the toxins being found mainly in the bulb[4], but even the flowers are mildly toxic[1]. An extract of the bulb, when applied to open wounds, has caused staggering, numbness of the whole nervous system and paralysis of the heart[1].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Narcissus pseudonarcissus.

Material uses

A yellow to gold dye is obtained from the flowers[5].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bulbs, leaves and flowers are astringent and powerfully emetic[1]. The bulb, especially, is narcotic and depresses the nervous system[1]. It has been used in the treatment of hysterical affections and even epilepsy with some effect[1]. The bulb is harvested in the winter and dried for later use[1]. The flowers are harvested in dry weather when they are fully open and should be dried quickly[1]. They are less powerful than the bulbs but are also considered to be antispasmodic and are useful in relieving the congestive bronchial catarrh of children and also useful in cases of epidemic dysentery[1].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. A short stratification will improve the germination of stored seed. Sow the seed thinly so that the seedlings can be left undisturbed in the pot for their first two years of growth. Give them an occasional liquid feed in the growing season to ensure they do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants become dormant in the summer, pot up the small bulbs placing 2 - 3 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on for another one or two years in the greenhouse before planting them out when they are dormant in late summer. Division of bulbs after the leaves die down in early summer[6]. Larger bulbs can be replanted immediately into their permanent positions, or can be stored in a cool place and then be planted out in the autumn. It is best to pot up the smaller bulbs and grow them on for a year before planting them out when dormant in the autumn.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Narcissus pseudonarcissus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a deep rather stiff soil but succeeds in most soils[6]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in sun or shade[7].

Grows well on woodland edges[8].

The flowers have the sweet woodland perfume of the primrose[9]. This is not very discernible when only a few plants are grown, but is quite noticeable in a group of plants[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Narcissus pseudonarcissus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Narcissus pseudonarcissus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Narcissus pseudonarcissus
Genus
Narcissus
Family
Amaryllidaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:- Narcissus pseudonarcissus 03 -.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:- Narcissus pseudonarcissus 03 -.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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    "image:- Narcissus pseudonarcissus 03 -.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:- Narcissus pseudonarcissus 03 -.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:- Narcissus pseudonarcissus 03 -.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:- Narcissus pseudonarcissus 03 -.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:- Narcissus pseudonarcissus 03 -.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:- Narcissus pseudonarcissus 03 -.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:- Narcissus pseudonarcissus 03 -.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:- Narcissus pseudonarcissus 03 -.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.61.71.81.9 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? Altmann. H. Poisonous Plants and Animals. Chatto and Windus ISBN 0-7011-2526-8 (1980-00-00)
    3. ? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (1984-00-00)
    4. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    7. ? Brown. Shade Plants for Garden and Woodland. ()
    8. ? Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()
    9. ? 9.09.1 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    10. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
    11. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

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