All parts of the plant are poisonous
, the toxins being found mainly in the bulb
, but even the flowers are mildly toxic
. An extract of the bulb, when applied to open wounds, has caused staggering, numbness of the whole nervous system and paralysis of the heart
There are no edible uses listed for Narcissus pseudonarcissus.
A yellow to gold dye is obtained from the flowers
The bulbs, leaves and flowers are astringent and powerfully emetic
. The bulb, especially, is narcotic and depresses the nervous system
. It has been used in the treatment of hysterical affections and even epilepsy with some effect
. The bulb is harvested in the winter and dried for later use
The flowers are harvested in dry weather when they are fully open and should be dried quickly
. They are less powerful than the bulbs but are also considered to be antispasmodic and are useful in relieving the congestive bronchial catarrh of children and also useful in cases of epidemic dysentery
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. A short stratification will improve the germination of stored seed. Sow the seed thinly so that the seedlings can be left undisturbed in the pot for their first two years of growth. Give them an occasional liquid feed in the growing season to ensure they do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants become dormant in the summer, pot up the small bulbs placing 2 - 3 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on for another one or two years in the greenhouse before planting them out when they are dormant in late summer.
Division of bulbs after the leaves die down in early summer
. Larger bulbs can be replanted immediately into their permanent positions, or can be stored in a cool place and then be planted out in the autumn. It is best to pot up the smaller bulbs and grow them on for a year before planting them out when dormant in the autumn.
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Narcissus pseudonarcissus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
Prefers a deep rather stiff soil but succeeds in most soils
. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in sun or shade
Grows well on woodland edges.
The flowers have the sweet woodland perfume of the primrose
. This is not very discernible when only a few plants are grown, but is quite noticeable in a group of plants
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Narcissus pseudonarcissus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Narcissus pseudonarcissus.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.01.11.21.220.127.116.11.71.81.9 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
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? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (1984-00-00)
? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
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? 6.06.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
? Brown. Shade Plants for Garden and Woodland. ()
? Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()
? 9.09.1 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
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