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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit[1][2]. The fruit is about 6mm in diameter and contains a single seed[3]. Two other reports say that the fruit is used as an anthelmintic[4][5]. The seed is used as an adulterant of pepper[2].

Unknown part

Fruit

Material uses

Plants are used for hedging in warm temperate zones[3]. The plant is used in technology[6]. This report gives no more details, we assume that it refers to the wood being used.

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fruit is used as an anthelmintic, especially in the treatment of tape worm[4][5][7]. It is also laxative and is used in the treatment of dropsy and colic[7]. The fruit contains 3% embelic acid and 1% quercitol, the seed contains 4.8% embelic acid and 1% quercitol[7]. These are the active ingredients that work as an anthelmintic[7].

A gum obtained from the plant is used as a warming remedy in the treatment of dysmenorrhoea[7].

A decoction of the leaf is used as a blood purifier[7].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow late winter or early spring in a warm greenhouse. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a semi-shaded position in the greenhouse for at least their first winter[8]. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 3 - 6cm long with a heel in individual pots, July/August in a frame. Good percentage[8].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Myrsine africana. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in any well-drained fertile circum-neutral soil in full sun or semi-shade[3]. Dislikes shallow chalky soils[9]. Requires a sunny position according to another report[10].

This species only succeeds outdoors in the milder areas of the country[10]. Plants can tolerate several degrees of short-lived frost if they are growing in a well drained soil in a position sheltered from drying winds[3]. Plants are very slow-growing[9]. The leaves are aromatic[10].

Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Myrsine africana. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Myrsine africana.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Myrsine africana
Genus
Myrsine
Family
Myrsinaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type











    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Gamble. J. S. A Manual of Indian Timbers. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1972-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Gupta. B. L. Forest Flora of Chakrata, Dehra Dun and Saharanpur. Forest Research Institute Press (1945-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Singh. Dr. G. and Kachroo. Prof. Dr. P. Forest Flora of Srinagar. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1976-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.6 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    11. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-11
    12. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-50

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