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Uses

Toxic parts

The fruit is somewhat poisonous[1][2][3]. Ripe fruits are more toxic than green ones[4]. As little as six fruits have caused fatalities in children[5]. All parts of the plant contain toxins that can cause gastric tract irritation and degeneration of the liver and kidneys[5].

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - cooked[1][6]. A bitter flavour, they are used as a pot-herb, in curries, soups etc[1].

Fruit[1]. A sweetish flavour, it is eaten by children though some people believe it to be poisonous[1]. The fruit is between 1 and 5cm in diameter[7] and contains a single seed[8]. Both these reports, of edible leaves and fruits, should be treated with some caution. The fruit is poisonous according to one report where it says that the ripe fruit is more poisonous than the green fruit and that they have sometimes caused human fatalities[4].

A cooling drink is made from the sap[1] - it is actually a gum[9]. This gum is tasteless, clear to dark amber and of good solubility[9]. The sap is obtained from incisions that are made near the base of the trunk in the spring[1].

Unknown part

Fruit

Leaves

Material uses

The seed contains up to 40% of a drying oil[10]. It is used for lighting, varnish etc[2][11].

The musk-scented seeds are used as beads in rosaries[12][13][3][14][15]. The fruits are a source of a flea powder and an insecticide[16][11]. The whole fruit is ground up and used[17]. The fruit pulp is also used as an insect repellent[18]. The leaves repel mosquitoes and other insects[3][19][20].

Wood - tough, durable, moderately heavy, somewhat brittle, handsomely marked, takes an excellent polish. It has a musk-like aroma[15]. It is used for making furniture, packing cases etc[10][21][18][22]. Because it is fast-growing, it is often used as a fuel[23].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Used externally in the treatment of rheumatism[2][24].

An aqueous extract reduces the intensity of asthmatic attacks[25]. (This report does not specify the part of the plant that is used[K].) The leaf juice is anthelmintic, antilithic, diuretic and emmenagogue[4][25]. A decoction is astringent and stomachic[4]. The leaves are harvested during the growing season and can be used fresh or dried[26]. The flowers and leaves are applied as a poultice in the treatment of neuralgia and nervous headache[4][25]. The stem bark is anthelmintic, astringent and bitter tonic[27][28][4]. It is used as a tonic in India[27]. It can be harvested at any time of the year and is used fresh or dried[26]. The fruit is antiseptic and febrifuge[4]. The pulp is used as a vermifuge[22]. The fruit is harvested in the autumn when it is fully ripe and can be used fresh or dried[26]. The seed is antirheumatic[4][25]. It is used externally. The root bark is emetic, emmenagogue, purgative and vermifuge[27][28][4]. It is highly effective against ringworm and other parasitic skin diseases[4]. It can be harvested at any time of the year and is used fresh or dried[26]. A gum that exudes from the tree is considered by some to have aphrodisiac properties[27].

This plant should be used with caution, preferably under the supervision of a qualified practitioner[26]. Excess causes diarrhoea, vomiting and symptoms of narcotic poisoning[26].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow late winter in a greenhouse. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn[29][26]. The seed usually germinates well. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts[30]. Root cuttings[31].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Melia azederach. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a sunny sheltered position[32]. Succeeds in most well-drained soils and in hot dry conditions[7]. Likes sandy soils[29]. Grows well in mild coastal areas[29].

A very ornamental tree[12], it is not very cold tolerant being killed by temperatures lower than about -5°c[33]. It only succeeds outdoors in the mildest areas of Britain[32], seldom growing larger than a shrub[34]. It is hardy on a sunny wall in S.W. England[35][8]. It is often cultivated in warmer regions than Britain for its many useful qualities[12]. The flowers are produced on the current years wood and have a delicate sweet perfume[34][15]. The trees do not normally require pruning[8]. The seeds have a strong scent of musk and the wood is also musk-scented[15]. Trees are very susceptible to forest fire, though they sprout back readily from the roots[36]. They are planted for re-afforestation in their native areas, where they are fast growing though short-lived[7][36].

Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Melia azederach. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Melia azederach.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Melia azederach
Genus
Melia
Family
Meliaceae
Imported References
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
9 x 9 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

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  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (1987-00-00)
  4. ? 4.004.014.024.034.044.054.064.074.084.094.104.11 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
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  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
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  13. ? 13.013.113.2 Polunin. O. and Stainton. A. Flowers of the Himalayas. Oxford Universtiy Press (1984-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Gupta. B. L. Forest Flora of Chakrata, Dehra Dun and Saharanpur. Forest Research Institute Press (1945-00-00)
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  21. ? 21.021.1 Gamble. J. S. A Manual of Indian Timbers. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1972-00-00)
  22. ? 22.022.122.222.3 Vines. R.A. Trees of North Texas University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292780206 (1982-00-00)
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  26. ? 26.026.126.226.326.426.526.626.7 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
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