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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The young sprigs are used as a seasoning[1]. The dried flowers are used to make herb teas[2][3]. It is aromatic but with a very bitter flavour[4].

Unknown part

Material uses

An infusion of the flowers is used as a hair shampoo, especially for fair hair[5][6][7]. It is also used as a liquid feed and general plant tonic, effective against a number of plant diseases[5][8][6]. The flowers are also an ingredient of 'Quick Return' herbal compost activator[9].

The whole plant was formerly used as a strewing herb[4][7]. The whole plant is insect repellent[5][6]. An essential oil from the whole plant is used as a flavouring and in perfumery[10].

Yellow to gold dyes are obtained from the flowers[7].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

German camomile is a well known herbal remedy and is much used in the West. In particular it is an excellent herb for treating various digestive disorders, nervous tension and irritability and is also used externally to treat skin problems[11].

An infusion of the flowers is taken internally as an anodyne, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antispasmodic, carminative, cholagogue, diaphoretic, emmenagogue, febrifuge, sedative, stomachic, tonic and vasodilator[12][13][14]. An infusion is particularly useful as a stomachic, nervine and sedative for young children, especially when they are teething[14]. It is also used in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, peptic ulcers and hiatus hernia[11]. In large doses, or when taken regularly for several times each day, the tea can be emetic[13] and can also cause the symptoms it is intended to cure[15]. The flowers are also used externally to treat wounds, sunburn, burns, haemorrhoids, mastitis and leg ulcers[14]. The flowers are harvested when fully open and are dried for later use[11]. The flowers contain various volatile oils including proazulenes[11]. Upon steam distillation these proazulenes produce chamazulene, this is remarkably anti-allergenic and is useful in the treatment of asthma and hay fever[11]. The flowers are sometimes added to cosmetics as an anti-allergenic agent[14].

The whole plant, harvested when in flower, is used to make a homeopathic remedy[15]. It is especially suited to teething children and those who have been in a highly emotional state over a long period of time[15].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring or autumn in situ[14]. Germination should take place within 3 weeks.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Matricaria recutita. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, it succeeds in any well-drained soil in a sunny position[16]. It prefers neutral to slightly acid conditions and succeeds in poor soils[14]. It usually self-sows freely when well-sited[K].

Chamomile has a long history as a gentle and effective folk medicine for a wide variety of disorders, being especially effective and safe for children[K]. There is some confusion between this plant and Chamaemelum nobile as to which is the genuine camomile. This species is said to be more bitter and inferior to Chamaemelum nobile in some reports[16] and to be more active medicinally in other reports[17][14]. Both have similar properties and can probably be used interchangeably[K].

The whole plant has a pungent aroma[18].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Matricaria recutita. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Matricaria recutita.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Matricaria recutita
Genus
Matricaria
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Salinity
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Matricaria February 2008-1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Bryan. J. and Castle. C. Edible Ornamental Garden. Pitman Publishing ISBN 0-273-00098-5 (1976-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Thompson. B. The Gardener's Assistant. Blackie and Son. (1878-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Holtom. J. and Hylton. W. Complete Guide to Herbs. Rodale Press ISBN 0-87857-262-7 (1979-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Philbrick H. and Gregg R. B. Companion Plants. Watkins (1979-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Bruce. M. E. Commonsense Compost Making. Faber ISBN 0-571-09990-4 (1977-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.411.5 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.2 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.114.214.314.414.514.614.7 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.115.215.3 Castro. M. The Complete Homeopathy Handbook. Macmillan. London. ISBN 0-333-55581-3 (1990-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.116.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  17. ? Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  18. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  19. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

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Facts about "Matricaria recutita"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCompositae +
Belongs to genusMatricaria +
Has binomial nameMatricaria recutita +
Has common nameGerman Camomile +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +
Has edible useCondiment + and Tea +
Has environmental toleranceSalinity +
Has fertility typeBees + and Flies +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone6 +
Has imageMatricaria February 2008-1.jpg +
Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useDye +, Essential +, Hair care +, Liquid feed +, Repellent + and Strewing +
Has mature height0.5 +
Has mature width0.25 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAnodyne +, Antiinflammatory +, Antiseptic +, Antispasmodic +, Carminative +, Cholagogue +, Diaphoretic +, Homeopathy +, Nervine +, Stomachic +, Tonic + and Vasodilator +
Has primary imageMatricaria February 2008-1.jpg +
Has salinity toleranceTolerant +
Has search namematricaria recutita + and german camomile +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameMatricaria recutita +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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