This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

Although we have found no reports of toxicity for this species, a number of ferns contain carcinogens so some caution is advisable[1]. Many ferns also contain thiaminase, an enzyme that robs the body of its vitamin B complex. In small quantities this enzyme will do no harm to people eating an adequate diet that is rich in vitamin B, though large quantities can cause severe health problems. The enzyme is destroyed by heat or thorough drying, so cooking the plant will remove the thiaminase[2].

Edible uses

Notes

Young stems and leaves[3][4]. A famine food, only used in times of scarcity[5]. The spores are produced in a sporocarp (like a fairly large container) and in allied species this is ground up and mixed with flour etc and used in making bread etc. It is rich in starch[6].

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Marsilea quadrifolia.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

A juice made from the leaves is diuretic and febrifuge[5]. It is also used to treat snakebite and applied to abscesses etc[5]. The plant is anti-inflammatory, diuretic, depurative, febrifuge and refrigerant[7][8][5].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Spores. The plant produces sporocarps, these need to be lightly abraded and then immersed in water. The sporocarps will then swell and burst to release the spores. The spores germinate immediately, the highly developed prothallus remains inside the large seed-like spores. The gametophyte generation is completed in 24 hours and the first roots and shoots appear in 2 - 3 days. Mature plants bearing sporocarps can develop in as little as 3 months[1]. Division.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Marsilea quadrifolia. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a permanently moist or wet soil, it can be grown by the side of ponds etc or in the shallow edges of the pond[9]. Thrives in a turfy loam or in peat[10].

Hardy to about -15°c[1].

Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Marsilea quadrifolia. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Marsilea quadrifolia.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Marsilea quadrifolia
Genus
Marsilea
Family
Marsileaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
aquatic
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    2. ? Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
    3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Singh. Dr. G. and Kachroo. Prof. Dr. P. Forest Flora of Srinagar. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh (1976-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Cribb. A. B. and J. W. Wild Food in Australia. Fontana ISBN 0-00-634436-4 (1976-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    8. ? 8.08.1 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    9. ? Muhlberg. H. Complete Guide to Water Plants. E. P. Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7158-0789-7 (1982-00-00)
    10. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    11. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
    12. ? Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)

    "image:Maesilea quadrifolia denjisou01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.