This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

When grown on nitrogen rich soils (and particularly when these are cultivated inorganically), the plant tends to concentrate high levels of nitrates in its leaves[1]. The leaves are perfectly wholesome at all other times.

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves - raw or cooked[2][3][4][5][6]. The leaves of well-grown plants can be 15cm or more across. They have a mild and very pleasant flavour that makes an excellent addition to salads[K]. We use them as a tasty alternative to the lettuce[K]. Young seeds - raw or cooked. Used when green and immature[7]. A pleasant nutty taste but the seed is too small and fiddly for most people to want to harvest[K].

Leaves

Material uses

Cream, yellow and green dyes can be obtained from the plant and the seed heads[8].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The seed contains mucilage, polysaccharides and flavonoids[9]. It is demulcent, diuretic, emollient, galactogogue and laxative[10][11][12]. The seeds are used in Tibetan medicine, where they are considered to have a sweet and astringent taste plus a heating potency[13]. They are used in the treatment of renal disorders, the retention of fluids, frequent thirst and diarrhoea[13].

The root is used to cause vomiting in the treatment of whooping cough[14].

The leaves and stems are said to be digestive[14]. They are given to women in the advanced stages of pregnancy[14].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow early spring in situ. Germination should take place within 2 weeks.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Malva verticillata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

A very easily grown plant, succeeding in ordinary garden soil[15], though it prefers a reasonably well-drained and moderately fertile soil in a sunny position[16].

This species is cultivated as a salad crop in parts of Europe[17][18][3]. There is at least one named variety:- 'Crispa' has more tender leaves than the species with curled leaf edges that make it look more attractive in salads. This species was one of the earliest domesticated crops in China, it has been in cultivation for well over 2,500 years[6]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[19].

Plants are prone to infestation by rust fungus[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Malva verticillata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Malva verticillata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Malva verticillata
Genus
Malva
Family
Malvaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Polunin. O. and Stainton. A. Flowers of the Himalayas. Oxford Universtiy Press (1984-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea World Health Organisation, Manila ISBN 92 9061 120 0 (1998-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    11. ? 11.011.1 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Tsarong. Tsewang. J. Tibetan Medicinal Plants Tibetan Medical Publications, India ISBN 81-900489-0-2 (1994-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.214.3 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    15. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.116.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    17. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
    18. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
    19. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
    20. ? Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)

    Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-266" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

    "image:Malva verticillata2 WPC.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.