This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

The seed of many lupin species contain bitter-tasting toxic alkaloids, though there are often sweet varieties within that species that are completely wholesome[1][2]. Taste is a very clear indicator. These toxic alkaloids can be leeched out of the seed by soaking it overnight and discarding the soak water. It may also be necessary to change the water once during cooking. Fungal toxins also readily invade the crushed seed and can cause chronic illness[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - cooked[3][4][5][6][7]. Used as a protein-rich vegetable or savoury dish in any of the ways that cooked beans are used, they can also be roasted or ground into a powder and mixed with cereal flours in making bread etc[8]. If the seed is bitter this is due to the presence of toxic alkaloids and the seed should be thoroughly leached by soaking it and then discarding the soak water before cooking[7]. Seeds contain 32 - 40% protein, 8 - 12% oil[9]. The roasted seeds can be used as a snack in much the same way as peanuts[8].

An edible oil is obtained from the seed[10][4].

The roasted seed is used as a coffee substitute[4][11][6][8].

Unknown part

Material uses

The seed contains up to 12% oil. This is used in making soap[4].

A fibre obtained from the stems is used for making cloth etc[10]. A cosmetic face-mask can be made from lupin flour, this is used to invigorate tired skin[4].

A useful spring-sown green manure crop, especially on light soils. It is deep rooting, fairly fast growing, produces a good bulk and fixes atmospheric nitrogen[4][12][11][13].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The seeds, taken internally, are diuretic, emmenagogue, hypoglycaemic and vermifuge[10][4]. When bruised and soaked in water they are used as a poultice on ulcers etc[10].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Green manure


Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Pre-soak the seed for 24 hours in warm water and sow in mid spring in situ[14][15]. You may need to protect the seed from mice. Germination should take place within 2 weeks.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lupinus albus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant, succeeding in any moderately good soil. It prefers a light acid soil but tolerates adverse conditions[13]. Requires a sunny position[15].

The white lupin is sometimes cultivated, especially in S. Europe, for its edible seed[5] and also as a green manure crop[10]. There are some named varieties, many of which have bitter seeds that contain toxic alkaloids and require leaching before they are eaten but some sweet varieties have also been developed[8]. These sweet varieties are perfectly wholesome as food for humans and include the cultivar 'Kiev'[8]. There is some confusion between this species and L. nanus[14]. A deep rooting plant[13].

This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[15]. When removing plant remains at the end of the growing season, it is best to only remove the aerial parts of the plant, leaving the roots in the ground to decay and release their nitrogen.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lupinus albus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lupinus albus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lupinus albus
Genus
Lupinus
Family
Leguminosae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.74.84.9 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. ()
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.510.610.7 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Woodward. L. Burge. P. Green Manures. Elm Farm Research Centre. (1982-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.115.215.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

    Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-45" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

    "image:Lupinus albus ru-WP.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.