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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or dried[1][2][3][4]. A pleasant taste[5]. Not tasty enough to be widely sought[6]. The only form we have tried has an incredibly bitter taste[K]. The fruit is about 8mm in diameter[7].

Fruit

Material uses

A purple dye is obtained from the fruit[8][9]. It is grey when tin is used as a mordant[10]. The berries are rubbed onto the scalp as a hair tonic. It is said to prevent greyness[8]. (don't mix the berries with tin though!![K])

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Twinberry was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a range of complaints[9]. It is little, if at all, used in modern herbalism.

The bark is disinfectant, galactogogue, ophthalmic and pectoral[9]. A decoction is used in the treatment of coughs and as an eyewash[9]. A decoction of the bark has been applied to a woman's breasts to encourage milk flow[9]. The bark has also been used as a dressing on burns[9]. The leaves are antipruritic and ophthalmic[9]. A poultice of the chewed leaves is applied to venereal sores, itchy skin and boils[11][9]. A decoction of the leaves is used as an eye wash[9].

The fruits are antidandruff, emetic, laxative and pectoral[11][9]. An infusion is used to treat chest and stomach complaints and to cleanse the body[9]. The mashed fruit has been rubbed into the scalp as a treatment for dandruff.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed requires 2 months cold stratification[12] and should be sown as soon as possible in a cold frame. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with or without a heel, July/August in a frame. Good percentage[13]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, 15 - 20cm with or without a heel, November in a cold frame. Good percentage[13].

Layering in autumn[7].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lonicera involucrata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown and very tolerant plant, succeeding in any fertile soil, and preferring a good moist soil in a sunny position[14][7]. It produces less fruit when grown in the shade[7]. Plants have proved to be quite wind resistant when growing on an exposed site in Cornwall[K].

Plants are hardy to about -25°c[15]. Closely allied to L. ledebourii[14].

There are some named forms, developed for the ornamental garden[16]. 'Humilis' is a smaller form and 'Serotina' is later flowering[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lonicera involucrata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lonicera involucrata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lonicera involucrata
Genus
Lonicera
Family
Caprifoliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Lonicera involucrata 6504.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Arnberger. L. P. Flowers of the Southwest Mountains. Southwestern Monuments Ass. (1968-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
  6. ? 6.06.1 Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R. A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers The Riverside Press ISBN 63-7093 (1963-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Turner. N. J. Plants in British Columbian Indian Technology. British Columbia Provincial Museum ISBN 0-7718-8117-7 (1979-00-00)
  9. ? 9.009.019.029.039.049.059.069.079.089.099.109.119.12 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  12. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.114.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  15. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  17. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

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