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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Bulb - cooked. The raw bulb contains an acrid principle, but this is destroyed by drying or thorough heating[1]. When cooked the bulb is pulpy, sweet and sugary[1]. Rich in starch, it can be used as a vegetable in similar ways to potatoes (Solanum tuberosum).

Material uses

An essential oil from the flowers is used in perfumery[1][2].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The Madonna lily has a long history of herbal use, though it is seldom employed in modern herbalism because of its scarcity[3]. The bulb and the flowers are astringent, highly demulcent, emmenagogue, emollient and expectorant[1][4][3]. The plant is mainly used externally, being applied as a poultice to tumours, ulcers, external inflammations etc[1][3]. The bulb is harvested in August and can be used fresh or dried[1][3]. The flowers are harvested when fully open and used fresh for making juice, ointments or tinctures[3]. The pollen has been used in the treatment of epilepsy[5].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - immediate epigeal germination[6]. Sow thinly in pots from late winter to early spring in a cold frame. Should germinate in 2 - 4 weeks[7]. Great care should be taken in pricking out the young seedlings, many people prefer to leave them in the seed pot until they die down at the end of their second years growth. This necessitates sowing the seed thinly and using a reasonably fertile sowing medium. The plants will also require regular feeding when in growth. Divide the young bulbs when they are dormant, putting 2 - 3 in each pot, and grow them on for at least another year before planting them out into their permanent positions when the plants are dormant[K].

Division with care in the autumn once the leaves have died down. Replant immediately[8]. Bulb scales can be removed from the bulbs in early autumn. If they are kept in a warm dark place in a bag of moist peat, they will produce bulblets. These bulblets can be potted up and grown on in the greenhouse until they are large enough to plant out[8]. Bulblets are formed on the stem just below the soil surface. These should be dug up in the autumn and replanted immediately, preferably in a cold frame for growing on until large enough to plant out into the garden[9][7].

The formation of bulbils on the stem can be induced by either removing the stem at flowering time and layering it just below the soil surface, or by removing all the flowers before they open.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lilium candidum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers an open free-draining humus-rich fertile loamy soil with its roots in the shade and its head in the sun[10][8]. Prefers a sunny position[9] but also succeeds in shade[7]. Succeeds in ordinary garden soil[11]. Grows well in acid[12] and limy soils[1][12][13][10], though it prefers a limey soil[8].

A very ornamental plant[11][4]. It is seen as a symbol of purity and in Christian tradition is devoted to the Virgin Mary, in pre-Christian times it was sacred to Juno, the Goddess of heaven[3]. The flowers have a scent of heather honey[14]. The Madonna lily is generally very hardy and easy to grow[9] but it is unpredictable and does not grow or flower well in all gardens[10][3]. It is also susceptible to botrytis[9]. Only just cover the bulb with soil[13][8]. It is best to leave the clumps undisturbed since they resent being moved[9][3], but if you need to transplant then this is best done in late August to early September, certainly no later than mid-October[9]. Plants produce a basal rosette of over-wintering leaves in the autumn[8], these die off as the plant comes into flower[15].

The plant should be protected against rabbits and slugs in early spring. If the shoot tip is eaten out the bulb will not grow in that year and will lose vigour[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lilium candidum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lilium candidum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lilium candidum
Genus
Lilium
Family
Liliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.61.71.81.9 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.63.73.8 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    6. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 4. 1982 - 1983. Royal Horticultural Society (1982-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 RHS Lily Group. Lilies and Related Plants. ()
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.68.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.5 Woodcock. and Coutts. Lilies - Their Culture and Management. Country Life (1935-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.2 Phillips. R. and Rix. M. Bulbs Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30253-1 (1989-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Fox. D. Growing Lilies. Croom Helm (1985-00-00)
    14. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    15. ? Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
    16. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)

    "image:Lilium candidum 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Lilium candidum"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyLiliaceae +
    Belongs to genusLilium +
    Has binomial nameLilium candidum +
    Has common nameMadonna Lily +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partRoot +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeBees +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone6 +
    Has imageLilium candidum 2.jpg +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useEssential +
    Has mature height1 +
    Has mature width0.25 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAstringent +, Demulcent +, Emmenagogue +, Emollient + and Expectorant +
    Has primary imageLilium candidum 2.jpg +
    Has search namelilium candidum + and madonna lily +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameLilium candidum +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Lilium candidum +, Lilium candidum +, Lilium candidum +, Lilium candidum +, Lilium candidum +, Lilium candidum + and Lilium candidum +