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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Bulb - cooked[1][2][3]. A pleasant slightly sweet taste[4], they are used as a vegetable in much the same way as potatoes (Solanum tuberosum). A starch can be extracted from the bulbs and added to other foods[4]. The grated bulb can be added as a thickener to soups etc[4]. The bulb is usually rather small[5]. The dried flower petals are used as a flavouring in soups[4].

Unknown part

Flowers

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Lilium brownii.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bulb is antitussive, diuretic, carminative, expectorant, febrifuge, pectoral, sedative and tonic[6][7][8]. A decoction is used in the treatment of coughs and haematemesis due to deficiency condition, anxiety, apprehension, oedema and difficult urination[6].

Bulbils from the leaf axils are used in the treatment of intestinal disorders[8].

The dried and powdered flowers are used as a poultice for bruises, cuts etc[8].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - immediate epigeal germination[9]. Sow thinly in pots from late winter to early spring in a cold frame. Should germinate in 2 - 4 weeks[3]. Great care should be taken in pricking out the young seedlings, many people prefer to leave them in the seed pot until they die down at the end of their second years growth. This necessitates sowing the seed thinly and using a reasonably fertile sowing medium. The plants will also require regular feeding when in growth. Divide the young bulbs when they are dormant, putting 2 - 3 in each pot, and grow them on for at least another year before planting them out into their permanent positions when the plants are dormant[K].

Division with care in the autumn once the leaves have died down. Replant immediately[10]. Bulb scales can be removed from the bulbs in early autumn. If they are kept in a warm dark place in a bag of moist peat, they will produce bulblets. These bulblets can be potted up and grown on in the greenhouse until they are large enough to plant out[10].

Bulblets are formed on the stem just below the soil surface. These should be dug up in the autumn and replanted immediately, preferably in a cold frame for growing on until large enough to plant out into the garden[11][3].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lilium brownii. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers an open free-draining humus-rich loamy soil with its roots in the shade and its head in the sun[10]. Requires a light soil[12][13]. Is this species lime-tolerant?[10]. Plants prefer a position that s moist in the summer but dry in the winter[5].

Stem rooting, the bulbs should be planted 20 - 25cm deep[12][13][11]. Said to be very difficult in cultivation[13], this species tolerates temperatures down to about -3°c[5]. It grows well at Kew but is not hardy everywhere[11]. Self-sterile, the type species does not set seed[13]. It is believed that this species is either of hybrid origin or it is a garden form of the true wild species L. brownii colchesteri. Wils.[11]. It is the sub-species colchesteri that is used medicinally[7][8]. The flowers have a soft sweet fragrance. This fragrance is more pronounced in the variety 'Viridulum'[14]. The plant does not come into growth until late spring[5]. It should be protected against slugs at this time since if the shoot tip is eaten out the bulb will not grow in that year and will lose vigour[10].

The edible bulbs are occasionally sold in ethnic markets in San Francisco[4] and are a common food item in China[15].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lilium brownii. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lilium brownii.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lilium brownii
Genus
Lilium
Family
Liliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Lilium brownii (1).jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 RHS Lily Group. Lilies and Related Plants. ()
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.4 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Conservatory and Indoor Plants Volumes 1 & 2 Pan Books, London. ISBN 0-330-37376-5 (1998-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    9. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 4. 1982 - 1983. Royal Horticultural Society (1982-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Woodcock. and Coutts. Lilies - Their Culture and Management. Country Life (1935-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Fox. D. Growing Lilies. Croom Helm (1985-00-00)
    14. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    15. ? Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)

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