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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Immature fruit - cooked and used as a vegetable[1][2][3]. They can be boiled, steamed, fried, used in curries or made into fritters[4]. Of variable quality, but some of the selected cultivars from India and China are of very good quality, equivalent to good summer squashes[4]. The pulp around the seed is purgative and should not be eaten[5]. The fruit can be dried for later use[6].

Leaves and young shoots - cooked and used as a potherb[7][4]. Seed - cooked. Rich in oil, it is added to soups etc[4]. A vegetable curd, similar to tofu, can be made from the seed[4].

An edible oil is obtained from the seed. It is used for cooking[8][4]. Yields of up to 45% have been obtained[9].

Fruit

Leaves

Unknown part

Oil

Material uses

The shell of well-ripened fruits is very hard and can be used for many purposes such as bottles, bowls, musical instruments etc. There are many different shapes of fruits from the various different varieties[10][2][5][11][6][12].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The pulp around the seed is emetic and purgative[5][7][13].

A poultice of the crushed leaves has been applied to the head to treat headaches[14]. The flowers are an antidote to poison[15]. The stem bark and the rind of the fruit are diuretic[15]. The fruit is antilithic, diuretic, emetic and refrigerant[7][15]. The juice of the fruit is used in the treatment of stomach acidity, indigestion and ulcers[13]. The seed is vermifuge[15]. A poultice of the boiled seeds has been used in the treatment of boils[14]. Taken with Achyranthes spp the seed is used to treat aching teeth and gums, boils etc[15].

Extracts of the plant have shown antibiotic activity[15]. In many parts of China 3 grams per day of this species (the report does not say what part of the plant) has been used as a single treatment for diabetes mellitus[15].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse in a rich soil, putting 2 - 3 seeds in a pot and thinning to the strongest plant. Grow on fast and plant out as soon as possible after the last expected frosts, giving some protection until the plants are established and growing well. The seed germinates best at 25°c[6]. Soaking the seeds for 12 hours in warm water prior to sowing can hasten germination[6]. Discard any seeds that have not germinated after 10 days, the plants they produce will not be vigorous enough to succeed outdoors in Britain[6].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Lagenaria siceraria. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a well-drained moist good rich circumneutral soil[10][2][6][3]. Requires plenty of moisture in the growing season[10]. Prefers a warm sunny position sheltered from the wind[6].

The bottle gourd is widely cultivated in the tropics and sub-tropics for its edible fruit and for the hard wooden shell of the fruit that can be used as containers, musical instruments etc[16], there are many named varieties with different shaped and sized fruits[6][4][16]. The variety 'Cougourda' is said to be the best for eating[17]. Forms with wooden shells tend not to have an edible flesh[16]. The plants are frost-tender annuals, they grow very rapidly and their stems can reach a length of 9 metres in the summer[6]. A warm summer is required for good production of the fruit[6]. British summers are often too cool for this species and obtaining a crop from outdoor-grown plants in this country is somewhat problematical. The best chance is by starting the plants off early in a warm greenhouse, growing them on fast and then planting them out as soon as possible but making sure that they are not checked by cold weather. Hand pollination of the fruits can increase fruit set[16]. A climbing plant, attaching itself to supports by means of tendrils that grow out of the leaf axils[16]. It can be used as a fast-growing summer screen.

The leaves have a strong musky scent that some people find repulsive[16]. The plant is remarkably disease and pest-free, this might be connected to the smell of the leaves[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Lagenaria siceraria. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Lagenaria siceraria.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Lagenaria siceraria
Genus
Lagenaria
Family
Cucurbitaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
10
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    9 x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Sukaba??.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Vilmorin. A. The Vegetable Garden. Ten Speed Press ISBN 0-89815-041-8 ()
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.7 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    6. ? 6.006.016.026.036.046.056.066.076.086.096.106.11 Organ. J. Gourds. Faber (1963-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.4 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    8. ? 8.08.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Towle. M. A. The Ethno-Botany of Pre-Columbian Peru. ()
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.2 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.415.515.615.7 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.116.216.316.416.516.6 Larkcom J. Oriental Vegetables John Murray ISBN 0-7195-4781-4 (1991-00-00)
    17. ? Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()

    "image:Sukaba??.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Lagenaria siceraria"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyCucurbitaceae +
    Belongs to genusLagenaria +
    Has binomial nameLagenaria siceraria +
    Has common nameBottle Gourd +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit +, Leaves +, Unknown part + and Seed +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Oil +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
    Has growth rateVigorous +
    Has hardiness zone10 +
    Has imageSukabağı.JPG +
    Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useBottles +, Containers + and Musical +
    Has mature height9 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntibiotic +, Antidote +, Diuretic +, Emetic +, Febrifuge +, Lithontripic +, Odontalgic +, Poultice +, Purgative +, Vermifuge + and Stomachic +
    Has primary imageSukabağı.JPG +
    Has search namelagenaria siceraria + and bottle gourd +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameLagenaria siceraria +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheClimber +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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