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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The fruits are roasted and used in the preparation of a coffee-like beverage[1]. A tea is made from the young branch tips[1][2].

Unknown part

Material uses

A good ground cover plant for a sunny position[3], eventually making a dense cover though it requires weeding for the first year or so[4].

The bark has been crushed and used as a soft hygienic pad in cradles[2]. It has also been used to make mats[2].

The young twigs and leaves have been burnt as an incense[2].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

An infusion of the branches, or fleshy cones, has been used in the treatment of coughs, colds and fevers[2]. The cones or branches can also be used as a steam bath[2]. An infusion of the seeds has been used in the treatment of kidney problems[2].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

The seed requires a period of cold stratification. The seed has a hard seedcoat and can be very slow to germinate, requiring a cold period followed by a warm period and then another cold spell, each of 2 - 3 months duration[5][6]. Soaking the seed for 3 - 6 seconds in boiling water may speed up the germination process[7]. The seed is best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Some might germinate in the following spring, though most will take another year. Another possibility is to harvest the seed 'green' (when the embryo has fully formed but before the seedcoat has hardened). The seedlings can be potted up into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow on in pots until large enough, then plant out in early summer. When stored dry, the seed can remain viable for several years[8].

Cuttings of mature wood, 5 - 10cm with a heel, September/October in a cold frame. Plant out in the following autumn[8][5].

Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[5].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Juniperus horizontalis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in a sunny position in most soils so long as they are well drained, preferring a neutral or slightly alkaline soil[7] and succeeding on chalk[9]. Succeeds in dry soils[9].

An aggregate species[10]. There are many named varieties selected for their ornamental value[9]. 'Bar Harbour' is very salt-resistant[9].

Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Juniperus horizontalis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Juniperus horizontalis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Juniperus horizontalis
Genus
Juniperus
Family
Cupressaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Salinity
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
1 x 3 meters
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:JuniperBerry-2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.72.82.9 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Royal Horticultural Society. Ground Cover Plants. Cassells. ISBN 0-304-31089-1 (1989-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  6. ? Rushforth. K. Conifers. Christopher Helm ISBN 0-7470-2801-X (1987-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Livingstone. B. Flora of Canada National Museums of Canada ISBN 0-660-00025-3 (1978-00-00)

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Facts about "Juniperus horizontalis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyCupressaceae +
Belongs to genusJuniperus +
Functions asGround cover +
Has common nameCreeping Juniper +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +
Has edible useCoffee substitute + and Tea +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind +, Drought + and Salinity +
Has fertility typeSelf sterile + and Wind +
Has flowers of typeDioecious +
Has hardiness zone4 +
Has imageJuniperBerry-2.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBaby care + and Incense +
Has mature height1 +
Has mature width3 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useDiaphoretic +, Febrifuge + and Kidney +
Has primary imageJuniperBerry-2.jpg +
Has salinity toleranceTolerant +
Has search namejuniperus horizontalis + and x +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameJuniperus horizontalis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +