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Uses

Toxic parts

Possibly toxic to mammals[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Young shoots - raw[2][3]. Some caution is advised, see the notes above on toxicity.

Leaves

Material uses

Stems are used in basket making, thatching, weaving mats etc[4][5][6][7][8][9]. The stems can also be dried then twisted or braided into ropes for tying or binding[3].

Stems can be peeled (except for a small spine which is left to keep them upright) and soaked in oil then used as a candle[10][5][11][8]. A fibre obtained from the stems is used for making paper[12]. The stems are harvested in late summer or autumn, they are split and cut into usable pieces and then soaked for 24 hours in clear water. They are then cooked for 2 hours with lye and beaten in a blender. The fibres make an off-white paper[12]. When mixed with mulberry fibres they can be used for making stencil paper[12].

The whole plant was formerly used as a strewing herb[13][6][8].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The pith of the stem is antiphlogistic, depurative, discutient, diuretic, febrifuge, lenitive, lithontripic, pectoral and sedative[14][15][16][17][18]. It is used in the treatment of sore throats, jaundice, oedema, acute urinary tract infection and morbid crying of babies[15].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - surface sow in pots in a cold frame in early spring and keep the compost moist. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and plant them out in the summer if they have grown sufficiently, otherwise in late spring of the following year. Division in spring. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Juncus effusus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in a moist soil, bog garden or shallow water[13][19]. Prefers a heavy soil in sun or light shade[19].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Juncus effusus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Juncus effusus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Juncus effusus
Genus
Juncus
Family
Juncaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
aquatic
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:JuncusEffusus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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"image:JuncusEffusus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:JuncusEffusus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Gunther. E. Ethnobotany of Western Washington. University of Washington Press ISBN 0-295-95258-X (1981-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Wright. D. Complete Book of Baskets and Basketry. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7449-4 (1977-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Freethy. R. From Agar to Zenery. The Crowood Press ISBN 0-946284-51-2 (1985-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Turner. N. J. Plants in British Columbian Indian Technology. British Columbia Provincial Museum ISBN 0-7718-8117-7 (1979-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. ()
  9. ? 9.09.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Mabey. R. Plants with a Purpose. Fontana ISBN 0-00-635555-2 (1979-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.3 Bell. L. A. Plant Fibres for Papermaking. Liliaceae Press (1988-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
  15. ? 15.015.115.2 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
  17. ? 17.017.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  18. ? 18.018.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
  19. ? 19.019.119.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  20. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

"image:JuncusEffusus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Juncus effusus"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyJuncaceae +
Belongs to genusJuncus +
Has binomial nameJuncus effusus +
Has common nameSoft Rush +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partLeaves +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceHigh wind +
Has fertility typeWind +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone4 +
Has imageJuncusEffusus.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBasketry +, Lighting +, Paper +, Strewing +, String +, Thatching + and Weaving +
Has mature height1.5 +
Has mature width0.5 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntiphlogistic +, Depurative +, Diuretic +, Febrifuge +, Lenitive +, Lithontripic +, Pectoral + and Sedative +
Has primary imageJuncusEffusus.jpg +
Has search namejuncus effusus + and soft rush +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameJuncus effusus +
Has water requirementsaquatic +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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