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Uses

Toxic parts

Many plants in this genus are thought to be poisonous if ingested, so caution is advised[1]. The roots are especially likely to be toxic[2]. Plants can cause skin irritations and allergies in some people[2].

Edible uses

Notes

The root can be dried, ground into a powder and used as a food flavouring[3][4]. The root may take several years of drying to develop its full fragrance[5]. 'Orris oil' is an essential oil derived from the dried root, it is used as a flavouring in soft drinks, sweets, chewing gum etc[6].

Unknown part

Material uses

The root is a source of Orris powder which has the scent of violets[2]. It is obtained by grinding up the dried root[7][8][3]. It is much used as a fixative in perfumery and pot-pourri, as an ingredient of toothpastes, breath fresheners etc and as a food flavouring. The root can take several years of drying to fully develop its fragrance, when fresh it has an acrid flavour and almost no smell[7][5]. An essential oil is obtained from the fresh root, this has the same uses as the root[9][10].

The juice of the root is sometimes used as a cosmetic and also for the removal of freckles from the skin[7]. A black dye is obtained from the root[5]. A blue dye is obtained from the flowers[5].

Plants can be grown for ground cover, the dense mat of roots excluding all weeds[11].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Cathartic[7]. The juice of the fresh root is a strong purge of great efficiency in the treatment of dropsy[7].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed should be sown as early in the year as possible in a cold frame. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse or cold frame for their first year. Plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer. Division, best done after flowering, though it can be done at almost any time. Very easy, larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Iris pallida. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a sunny position and a well-drained soil containing lime[12]. Easily cultivated in a sunny position in ordinary garden soil[13]. Prefers a pH between 6 and 7.5 or higher[14]. Established plants are drought tolerant[15].

Cultivated, especially in Italy, for the essential oil in its root[7]. The flowers are sweetly scented, reminding some people of orange blossom, others of vanilla and others of civet[16]. A very vigorous species[12]. The rhizome should be planted partly above the soil[17].

Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer or rabbits[18].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Iris pallida. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Iris pallida.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Iris pallida
Genus
Iris
Family
Iridaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Hill. A. F. Economic Botany. The Maple Press (1952-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.7 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Schery. R. W. Plants for Man. ()
  10. ? 10.010.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
  13. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  15. ? Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent ISBN 0460045512 (1982-00-00)
  16. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  17. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  18. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
  19. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-50

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-45" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

"image:Iris_pallida_-_Köhler?s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-079.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Iris pallida"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyIridaceae +
Belongs to genusIris +
Functions asGround cover +
Has binomial nameIris pallida +
Has common nameDalmation Iris +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part +
Has edible useCondiment +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile + and Insects +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageIris pallida - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-079.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useCosmetic +, Dye + and Essential +
Has mature height1 +
Has mature width1.5 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useCathartic +
Has primary imageIris_pallida_-_Köhler–s_Medizinal-Pflanzen-079.jpg +
Has search nameiris pallida + and dalmation iris +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameIris pallida +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Iris pallida +, Iris pallida +, Iris pallida +, Iris pallida + and Iris pallida +