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Uses

Toxic parts

The fruit is poisonous in quantity[1][2].

Edible uses

Notes

The fruit is used as a flavouring in curries, teas and pickles[3][4][2][5]. It is an ingredient of 'five spice powder', used in Chinese and Vietnamese cuisine[5]. The fruit is also chewed after meals in order to sweeten the breath[6]. Caution is advised because it is said to be poisonous in quantity[1][2]. The essential oil is used to flavour liqueurs, soft drinks and bakery products[5].

Fruit

Material uses

The pounded bark is used as an incense[6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fruit is antibacterial, carminative, diuretic, odontalgic, stimulant, and stomachic[6][7][8][9][10]. It is taken internally in the treatment of abdominal pain, digestive disturbances and complaints such as lumbago[9][5]. It is often included in remedies for digestive disturbances and cough mixtures, in part at least for its pleasant aniseed flavour[5]. An effective remedy for various digestive upsets, including colic, it can be safely given to children[11]. The fruit is also often chewed in small quantities after meals in order to promote digestion and to sweeten the breath[6][5]. The fruit has an antibacterial affect similar to penicillin[9]. The fruit is harvested unripe when used for chewing, the ripe fruits being used to extract essential oil and are dried for use in decoctions and powders[5]. A homeopathic remedy is prepared from the seed[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - it does not require pre-treatment and can be sown in early spring in a greenhouse[12]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts, and give some protection from the cold over the winter for the first year or two.

Layering in early spring. Takes 18 months[13].

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, August in a frame[12]. Pot up the cuttings when they start to root and grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter, planting out after the last expected frosts.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Illicium verum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a light, moist well-drained loam and a sheltered position[14][15] Prefers a humus-rich lime-free soil[16][17]. Succeeds in sun or semi-shade[17].

This species is not very cold-hardy, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c and requires a very sheltered position or the protection of a wall when grown in Britain[17]. Chinese anise is extensively cultivated in China for its fruit and medicinal essential oil[17]. It is planted in the grounds of temples in Japan, and also on tombs[6].

Plants seldom grow larger than about 3 metres in Britain, but eventually reach about 18 metres tall in their native habitat[17].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Illicium verum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Illicium verum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Illicium verum
Genus
Illicium
Family
Illiciaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    5 x 3 meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Illicium verum2SHSU.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illicium verum2SHSU.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Illicium verum2SHSU.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Illicium verum2SHSU.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Illicium verum2SHSU.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illicium verum2SHSU.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illicium verum2SHSU.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illicium verum2SHSU.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illicium verum2SHSU.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illicium verum2SHSU.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 Stary. F. Poisonous Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-35666-3 (1983-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.65.75.8 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.56.66.76.8 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    13. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    14. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    15. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    16. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.117.217.317.417.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    18. ? [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)

    "image:Illicium verum2SHSU.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Illicium verum"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyIlliciaceae +
    Belongs to genusIllicium +
    Has binomial nameIllicium verum +
    Has common nameBa Jiao Hui Xian +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone8 +
    Has imageIllicium verum2SHSU.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useEssential + and Incense +
    Has mature height5 +
    Has mature width3 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntibacterial +, Carminative +, Expectorant +, Homeopathy + and Stimulant +
    Has primary imageIllicium verum2SHSU.jpg +
    Has search nameillicium verum + and ba jiao hui xian +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameIllicium verum +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Illicium verum +, Illicium verum +, Illicium verum +, Illicium verum +, Illicium verum +, Illicium verum +, Illicium verum + and Illicium verum +