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Uses

Toxic parts

Large quantities of the leaves are said to be hallucinogenic. Blanching the leaves removes this hallucinatory component[1]. (This report does not make clear what it means by blanching, it could be excluding light from the growing shoots or immersing in boiling water[K].)

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves and young shoots - raw or cooked like asparagus or celery[2][3][4]. They must be consumed when very young or else they become fibrous[K].

Flower buds - raw or cooked. They taste somewhat like green beans[2][3]. They contain about 43mg vitamin C per 100g, 983 IU vitamin A and 3.1% protein[1]. Flowers - raw or cooked[85, K]. They can be dried and used as a thickener in soups etc[4]. If the flowers are picked just as they start to wither they can be used as a condiment[2]. The flowers are a traditional food in China where they are steamed and then dried[5].

Root - cooked[2][3]. They taste like a blend of sweet corn and salsify[4]. We have found them to be tender but fairly bland with a slight sweetness[K]. The swollen roots are quite small and are only really worthwhile using if the plant is being dug up for divisions or some other reason[K].

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

The tough dried foliage is plaited into cord and used for making footwear[1]. Plants form a spreading clump and are suitable for ground cover when spaced about 45cm apart each way[6]. The dead leaves should be left on the ground in the winter to ensure effective cover[6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The juice of the roots is an effective antidote in cases of arsenic poisoning[1]. The root also has a folk history of use in the treatment of cancer - extracts from the roots have shown antitumour activity[7]. A tea made from the boiled roots is used as a diuretic[1].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow in the middle of spring in a greenhouse. Germination is usually fairly rapid and good. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse and plant out in late spring[K]. Division in spring or after flowering in late summer or autumn[8]. Division is very quick and easy, succeeding at almost any time of the year[K]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils[9], including dry ones, preferring a rich moist soil and a sunny position[10] but tolerating partial shade[11][10]. Plants flower less freely in a shady position though the flowers can last longer in such a position[1]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in short grass if the soil is moist[9]. Prefers a pH between 6 and 7[8].

Plants are very cold-hardy, tolerating temperatures down to about -25°c[12]. A very vigorous plant, spreading by underground rhizomes[9]. The plant has a fibrous root system with occasional spindle-like swellings[1]. Cultivated as a food and medicinal plant in Japan[13]. Individual flowers are short-lived, they open at night and last for 20 - 76 hours. The plant produces a succession of blooms over a period of about 2 months[1]. The flowers are fragrant[1]. The flowers have a honeysuckle-like scent and this can pervade the air for a considerable distance when warmed by the summer sunshine[14]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[8]. Plants take a year or two to become established after being moved[8]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[15].

The plants are very susceptible to slug and snail damage, the young growth in spring is especially at risk[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus
Genus
Hemerocallis
Family
Hemerocallidaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.001.011.021.031.041.051.061.071.081.091.101.11 Erhardt. W. Hemerocallis. Day Lilies. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-7065-8 (1992-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.3 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials. Collingridge (1926-00-00)
    11. ? RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)
    12. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)
    13. ? ? The Plantsman. Vol. 7. 1985 - 1986. Royal Horticultural Society (1985-00-00)
    14. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
    15. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
    16. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)

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