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Uses

Toxic parts

Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, the following notes are for the closely related Hedera helix and quite possibly are relavent here[K].

The plant is said to be poisonous in large doses[1][2][3][4] although the leaves are eaten with impunity by various mammals without any noticeable harmful affects. The leaves and fruits contain the saponic glycoside hederagenin which, if ingested, can cause breathing difficulties and coma[5].

The sap can cause dermatitis with blistering and inflammation. This is apparently due to the presence of polyacetylene compounds[5].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Hedera nepalensis.

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Hedera nepalensis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves and the berries are said to be cathartic, diaphoretic and stimulant[6]. A decoction of the plant is used to treat skin diseases[7].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - remove the flesh, which inhibits germination, and sow the seed in spring in a cold frame[8]. Four weeks cold stratification will improve germination[8]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the cold frame for their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a shady position in a frame. Good percentage[9]. Cuttings of mature wood, 12cm long, November in a cold frame[9].

Layering. Plants often do this naturally.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Hedera nepalensis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Ivy is a very easily grown plant that dislikes waterlogged, very dry or very acid soils but otherwise succeeds in all soil types[10][11][12]. It grows well in heavy clay soils. Prefers some lime in the soil. Tolerates very dense shade[13][14], though it may not flower in such a position[K].

This species is not hardy in all parts of Britain, tolerating temperatures down to about -5 to -10°c[15]. Ivy is a rampant climbing plant, clinging by means of aerial roots and often trailing on the ground in woods and hedges[16]. It is of benefit rather than harm when growing on a wall because it keeps the wall dry and acts as an insulation[17][13]. It does not damage the structure of a wall. Similarly, it does not harm large trees when climbing into them, though it can shade out smaller and ailing trees[15]. It is not a parasitic plant, but instead obtains all its nutrient from the sun and the soil[16].

This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[15].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Hedera nepalensis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Hedera nepalensis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Hedera nepalensis
Genus
Hedera
Family
Araliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
full sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
?
Growth Rate
Mature Size
15 x 5 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? Altmann. H. Poisonous Plants and Animals. Chatto and Windus ISBN 0-7011-2526-8 (1980-00-00)
  3. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
  4. ? Cooper. M. and Johnson. A. Poisonous Plants in Britain and their Effects on Animals and Man. HMSO ISBN 0112425291 (1984-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Medicinal Plants of Nepal Dept. of Medicinal Plants. Nepal. (1993-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Manandhar. N. P. Plants and People of Nepal Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-527-6 (2002-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  10. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  11. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
  12. ? Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()
  14. ? Brown. Shade Plants for Garden and Woodland. ()
  15. ? 15.015.115.215.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Beckett. G. and K. Planting Native Trees and Shrubs. Jarrold (1979-00-00)
  17. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)

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