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Uses

Toxic parts

In large quantities this plant can be toxic to grazing animals, possibly due to the presence of saponins[1][2].

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Gutierrezia sarothrae.

Material uses

The twigs are tied to sticks and used as brooms[3][4][2].

The dried twigs were used as a kindling for starting fires[2]. A yellow dye can be made from the plant tops[4]. An infusion of the leaves has been used as a pleasant and refreshing bath[4].

The chewed leaf juice has an intoxication effect on bees and can kill them[4].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Broomweed was widely employed medicinally by several native North American Indian tribes who used it to treat a variety of complaints[4]. It is little, if at all, used in modern herbalism.

A decoction of the roots has been used in the treatment of painful urination, diarrhoea and stomach aches[4]. The roots have been placed in boiling water and the steam inhaled in the treatment of respiratory complaints[4]. The flowers are laxative[4]. A decoction of the fresh flowers has been used in the treatment of diarrhoea[4]. The leaves are cathartic, febrifuge and sedative[4]. An infusion has been used in the treatment of coughs and colds[4]. It has also been used as a bath to treat fevers and sores, including those caused by venereal diseases[4]. A poultice of the moistened leaves has been used to treat bruises, wounds, sprains, nose bleeds and insect stings[4]. A protein in the plant is reported to have anti-cancer activity[2].

A strong, black infusion of the plant has been used as a rub on rheumatic joints[4].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse and only just cover the seed. Prick the plants out into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle, using deep pots to accommodate the tap root. Grow on for the first winter in a greenhouse and plant out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer[5]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Gutierrezia sarothrae. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a position in full sun in a deep open well-drained soil[5]. Often found in calcareous soils in the wild[2].

This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[5]. Plants are sub-shrubs and may die back to the base in winter[5]. Plants have deep taproots and resent root disturbance[5]. They should be planted into their permanent positions as soon as possible. Because it is unpalatable to livestock, this plant is often an indicator of overgrazed land[2].

Plants are strongly aromatic[5].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Gutierrezia sarothrae. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Gutierrezia sarothrae.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Gutierrezia sarothrae
Genus
Gutierrezia
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    1 x meters
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Gutierreziasarothrae1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Gutierreziasarothrae1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Gutierreziasarothrae1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Gutierreziasarothrae1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    References

    1. ? Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R. A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers The Riverside Press ISBN 63-7093 (1963-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.7 Diggs, Jnr. G.M.; Lipscomb. B. L. & O'Kennon. R. J [Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas] Botanical Research Institute, Texas. (1999-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    4. ? 4.004.014.024.034.044.054.064.074.084.094.104.114.124.134.144.15 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

    "image:Gutierreziasarothrae1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Gutierrezia sarothrae"RDF feed
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    Article requires citationsNo +
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    Belongs to familyCompositae +
    Belongs to genusGutierrezia +
    Has binomial nameGutierrezia sarothrae +
    Has common nameBroomweed +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has fertility typeInsects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
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    Has imageGutierreziasarothrae1.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
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    Has mature height1 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntirheumatic +, Astringent +, Cathartic +, Diuretic +, Laxative +, Pectoral +, Sedative +, Skin +, Stings +, Stomachic + and Cancer +
    Has primary imageGutierreziasarothrae1.jpg +
    Has search namegutierrezia sarothrae + and broomweed +
    Has shade toleranceNo shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameGutierrezia sarothrae +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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