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Uses

Edible uses

There are no edible uses listed for Garrya elliptica.

Material uses

Grows well by the sea and can be grown as a hedge in the milder parts of Britain[1][2]. A hedge in a sheltered position at Wisley in 1991 was very healthy[K]. Makes a good wind shelter[2].

Grey to black dyes are obtained from the berries. The colour varies according to the ripeness of the fruit, green fruits are the best[3]. The bark and leaves are very bitter, a possible insect repellent?[K].

Wood - hard, close-grained. It has been used for fine cabinet work, though its small size and rarity limits its commercial usefulness[4].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are intensely bitter and are used as an antiperiodic and febrifuge. They can be used as a quinine substitute[5][6][7]. An infusion has been used to induce menstruation, probably acting as an abortifacient[8].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Very slow, the seed can take 2 or more years to germinate. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood 10cm with a heel, August in a frame[9].

Cuttings of mature wood 10 - 12 cm with a heel, December/January in a frame[9].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Garrya elliptica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a sunny position succeeding in most well-drained fertile soils[10][9][11]. Succeeds in a hot dry position. Succeeds in light shade[11], the plants are also tolerant of quite deep shade[12]. Does not require a rich soil or abundant moisture[13], if the soil is too fertile the flowering will be delayed[9]. Plants are resistant to urban pollution and maritime exposure, but they are subject to wind scorch from cold drying winds in colder areas[14].

This species is hardy to about -15°c[14], it is best on a sunny wall in most parts of the country but does very well as a free standing shrub in Devon and Cornwall[13]. In cold winters and springs the previous year's leaves may fall before the new leaves are produced[11]. A hedge in a relatively open area at Wisley in Surrey is growing well (1991), as is a plant in a friend's garden in Stockton on Teesside(1998)[K]. All pruning should be carried out in spring before new growth starts but after flowering has ended[15]. Plants are strongly resentful of root disturbance[15][13], they should be planted into their permanent positions as soon as possible.

Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Garrya elliptica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Garrya elliptica.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Garrya elliptica
Genus
Garrya
Family
Garryaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
4 x 4 meters
Fertility
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Shepherd. F.W. Hedges and Screens. Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0900629649 (1974-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-23310-3 (1976-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  10. ? Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (1990-00-00)
  12. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  16. ? Munz. A California Flora. University of California Press (1959-00-00)

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