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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Bulb - cooked or candied[1]. The bulb is about 2cm in diameter[2].

Young plant - cooked. Used in soups[1]. Eating the young plant will greatly reduce the vigour of the bulb, and could even kill it[K].

Petals and flower buds - cooked. Used in soups[1].

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Fritillaria verticillata.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bulbs are antidote, antitussive, astringent, expectorant, galactogogue and purgative[3][4]. They contain fritimine which diminishes excitability of respiratory centres, paralyses voluntary movement and counters effects of opium[5]. The bulb is used internally in the treatment of coughs, bronchitis, pneumonia, feverish illnesses, abscesses etc[6]. The bulbs also have a folk history of use against cancer of the breast and lungs in China[4][6]. This remedy should only be used under the supervision of a qualified practitioner, excessive doses can cause breathing difficulties and heart failure[6]. The bulbs are harvested in the winter whilst they are dormant and are dried for later use[6].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as ripe in a cold frame, it should germinate in the spring[7]. Protect from frost[8]. Stored seed should be sown as soon as possible and can take a year or more to germinate[8]. Sow the seed quite thinly to avoid the need to prick out the seedlings. Once they have germinated, give them an occasional liquid feed to ensure that they do not suffer mineral deficiency. Once they die down at the end of their second growing season, divide up the small bulbs, planting 2 - 3 to an 8cm deep pot. Grow them on for at least another year in light shade in the greenhouse before planting them out whilst dormant.

Division of offsets in August[7]. The larger bulbs can be planted out direct into their permanent positions, but it is best to pot up the smaller bulbs and grow them on in a cold frame for a year before planting them out in the autumn.

Bulb scales[9].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Fritillaria verticillata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a moist peaty soil in the open garden[10]. Easily grown in a moderately fertile soil in sun or semi-shade[11]. Succeeds in drier soils and is drought tolerant when established[12].

The scaly bulbs are best planted on their sides or surrounded in sand to prevent water collecting in their hollow crowns[6]. Cultivated as a medicinal plant in Japan[10], the sub-species F. verticillata thunbergii. Baker. is most often used[5]. (this species is now known as F. thunbergii. q.v.).

Plants take 3 - 5 years to flower from seed.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Fritillaria verticillata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Fritillaria verticillata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Fritillaria verticillata
Genus
Fritillaria
Family
Liliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
?
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type











References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 [Flora of China] (1994-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Brooklyn Botanic Garden Oriental Herbs and Vegetables, Vol 39 No. 2. Brooklyn Botanic Garden (1986-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.14.2 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.5 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
  9. ? RHS Lily Group. Lilies and Related Plants. ()
  10. ? 10.010.1 Phillips. R. and Rix. M. Bulbs Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30253-1 (1989-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  12. ? Chatto. B. The Dry Garden. Dent ISBN 0460045512 (1982-00-00)
  13. ? Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)


Facts about "Fritillaria verticillata"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyLiliaceae +
Belongs to genusFritillaria +
Has binomial nameFritillaria verticillata +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFlowers +, Leaves + and Root +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeInsects +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has mature height0.6 +
Has mature width0.1 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntidote +, Antitussive +, Astringent +, Cancer +, Expectorant + and Galactogogue +
Has search namefritillaria verticillata +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameFritillaria verticillata +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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