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Uses

Toxic parts

The fruits, seed and bark are considered to be poisonous[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Although the fruit has sometimes been eaten, it is considered to be poisonous by some writers and so should definitely be avoided[2]. The fruit is about 15mm in diameter[3].

Fruit

Material uses

Wood - heavy, hard, tough, very close grained[4][5]. It weighs 41lb per cubic foot[5], but is too small to be of commercial value[6].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Wahoo was used in various ways by the North American Indians, for example as an eye lotion, as a poultice for facial sores and for gynaecological conditions[7]. In current herbalism it is considered to be a gallbladder remedy with laxative and diuretic properties[7]. The bark, however, is toxic and should only be used under professional supervision, it should not be given to pregnant women or nursing mothers[7].

The stem and root bark is alterative, cardiac, cathartic, cholagogue, diuretic, expectorant, hepatic, laxative, stimulant and tonic[8][9][10][11][1]. The root bark is the part normally used, though bark from the stems is sometimes employed as a substitute[8]. In small doses it stimulates the appetite, in larger doses it irritates the intestines[8]. The bark is especially useful in the treatment of biliousness and liver disorders which follow or accompany fevers[8][7] and for treating various skin disorders such as eczema which could arise from poor liver and gallbladder function[7]. It is also used as a tea in the treatment of malaria, liver congestion, constipation etc[1]. The powdered bark, applied to the scalp, was believed to eliminate dandruff[1]. The bark and the root contain digitoxin and have a digitalis-like effect on the heart[2][1]. They have been used in the treatment of heart conditions[7]. The bark, which has a sweetish taste, is gathered in the autumn and can be dried for later use[2]. A tea made from the roots is used in cases of uterine prolapse, vomiting of blood, painful urination and stomach-aches[1].

The seed is emetic and strongly laxative[1].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed requires 8 - 12 weeks warm followed by 8 - 16 weeks cold stratification and can then be sown in a cold frame[12][13]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 5 - 8cm long taken at a node or with a heel, July/August in a frame. Very easy[3].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Euonymus atropurpureus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Thrives in almost any soil, including chalk, it is particularly suited to dry shaded areas[3]. Prefers a well-drained loamy soil[14]. Requires shade from the midday sun[14][15]. A moderately fast-growing but short-lived tree in the wild[6].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Euonymus atropurpureus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Euonymus atropurpureus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Euonymus atropurpureus
Genus
Euonymus
Family
Celastraceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.51.61.7 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.4 Weiner. M. A. Earth Medicine, Earth Food. Ballantine Books ISBN 0-449-90589-6 (1980-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Sargent. C. S. Manual of the Trees of N. America. Dover Publications Inc. New York. ISBN 0-486-20278-X (1965-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Vines. R.A. Trees of North Texas University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292780206 (1982-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.6 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    12. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    13. ? Gordon. A. G. and Rowe. D. C. f. Seed Manual for Ornamental Trees and Shrubs. ()
    14. ? 14.014.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    16. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)

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