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Uses

Toxic parts

Skin contact with the bulbs has been known to cause dermatitis in sensitive people[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Bulb - raw or cooked and used as a vegetable[2]. It can be dried to make a flour[3][2][4] and is also the source of a starch used in making 'vermicelli' and cakes[5]. Leaves - cooked[2][4][5]. Eating the leaves will greatly reduce the vigour of the bulb, so can only be recommended in times of emergency[K].

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Erythronium dens-canis.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Erythronium dens-canis.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a shady position in a cold frame. Water lightly in summer, it should germinate in autumn or winter[6][7]. Stored seed requires a period of cold stratification[6]. Sow as early in spring as possible in a cold frame. Sow the seed thinly so that it will not be necessary to prick them out for their first year of growth. Give an occasional liquid feed to the seedlings to make sure that they do not become nutrient deficient. When the plants are dormant, pot up the small bulbs putting 2 - 3 bulbs in each pot. Grow them on in a shady position in the greenhouse for another 2 3 years and then plant them out into their permanent positions when they are dormant in late summer. Division of the bulbs in the summer as the leaves die down[8]. Larger bulbs can be replanted immediately into their permanent positions, but it is best to pot up smaller bulbs and grow them on in a shady position in a greenhouse for a year before planting them out when dormant in late summer.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Erythronium dens-canis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers slightly acid soil conditions but succeeds in chalky soils if these contain plenty of humus[6]. Requires semi-shade, preferably provided by trees or shrubs, and a well-drained soil[9][6]. Succeeds in almost any light soil, preferring one that is rich in humus[8]. Thrives in light grass[10][7].

This species does not flower very freely, increasing mainly by its stoloniferous habit[6]. Flowers are produced in 3 - 4 years from seed[6]. Bulbs should be planted about 7cm deep[8].

There are many named forms, selected for their ornamental value[11]. Many of these cultivars have a habit to divide freely to form clumps containing many small non-flowering bulbs[12]. To remedy this, the bulbs should be lifted and divided, replanting them singly about 10cm below soil level[13].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Erythronium dens-canis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Erythronium dens-canis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Erythronium dens-canis
Genus
Erythronium
Family
Liliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
3
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
Shade
partial shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Erythronium dens-canis AT2.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Erythronium dens-canis AT2.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Erythronium dens-canis AT2.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Erythronium dens-canis AT2.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Erythronium dens-canis AT2.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Erythronium dens-canis AT2.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Erythronium dens-canis AT2.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Erythronium dens-canis AT2.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Erythronium dens-canis AT2.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Erythronium dens-canis AT2.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Erythronium dens-canis AT2.JPG|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Sholto-Douglas. J. Alternative Foods. ()
    4. ? 4.04.14.2 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.36.46.5 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    9. ? Grey. C. H. Hardy Bulbs. Williams & Norgate. (1938-00-00)
    10. ? Phillips. R. and Rix. M. Bulbs Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30253-1 (1989-00-00)
    11. ? Coffey. T. The History and Folklore of North American Wild Flowers. Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-2624-6 (1993-00-00)
    12. ? Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    13. ? RHS. Wisley, Surrey. The Garden. Volume 124. 1999. RHS. Wisley, Surrey. ISBN 0308 5457 (1999-00-00)
    14. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)

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