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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw. A sweet flavour.

Seed - cooked. A bitter flavour, it is roasted and ground into a powder and used to make a bread or mush[1].

A delicious tea is made by steeping the green or dried twigs in boiling water[1][2]. The flavour is said to be improved if the stems are roasted first[1].

Fruit

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

The twigs, boiled with alum, produce a light tan dye[2].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

This plant has a wide reputation as a cure for syphilis[3]. A strong decoction of the stems was drunk and a poultice of the pulverized or boiled stems applied to the sores[2].

The stems are blood purifier, diuretic and tonic[2]. An infusion has been used in the treatment of coughs and colds, anaemia, rheumatism, stomach ulcers and other disorders, kidney problems[2]. The dried, powdered stems are used as a dressing on sores and burns[2].

The stems of most members of this genus contain the alkaloid ephedrine and are valuable in the treatment of asthma and many other complaints of the respiratory system[K]. The whole plant can be used at much lower concentrations than the isolated constituents - unlike using the isolated ephedrine, using the whole plant rarely gives rise to side-effects[4]. Ephedra does not cure asthma but in many cases it is very effective in treating the symptoms and thus making life somewhat easier for the sufferer. The stems can be used fresh or dried and are usually made into a tea, though they can also be eaten raw[K]. The young stems are best if eating them raw, though older stems can be used if a tea is made[K]. The stems can be harvested at any time of the year and are dried for later use[5].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in the autumn in a greenhouse[6]. It can also be sown in spring in a greenhouse in a sandy compost[K]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle and grow them on for at least their first winter in a greenhouse. Plant out in the spring or early summer after the last expected frosts and give some protection in their first winter[K].

Division in spring or autumn[5].

Layering.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ephedra viridis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a well-drained loamy soil and a sunny position[7]. Established plants are drought resistant and are also lime tolerant[6].

This species is not very hardy in Britain, it succeeds well in a cold greenhouse but is often killed outdoors by a combination of cold and wet conditions[6].

Dioecious, male and female plants must be grown if fruit and seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Ephedra viridis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Ephedra viridis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Ephedra viridis
Genus
Ephedra
Family
Ephedraceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
9
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
?
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Ephedra viridis 2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.62.72.8 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Whiting. A. F. Ethnobotany of the Hopi North Arizona Society of Science and Art (1939-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.2 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  7. ? Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  8. ? [Flora of N. America] ()

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Facts about "Ephedra viridis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyEphedraceae +
Belongs to genusEphedra +
Has binomial nameEphedra viridis +
Has common nameMormon Tea +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFruit +, Seed + and Unknown part +
Has edible useUnknown use + and Tea +
Has environmental toleranceDrought +
Has fertility typeSelf sterile +
Has flowers of typeDioecious +
Has hardiness zone9 +
Has imageEphedra viridis 2.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useDye +
Has mature height1.8 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useBlood purifier +, Diuretic +, Kidney +, Poultice +, Stomachic +, Tonic + and VD +
Has primary imageEphedra viridis 2.jpg +
Has search nameephedra viridis + and mormon tea +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameEphedra viridis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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