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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked. The fruit must be fully ripe before it develops its full flavour, prior to that it is acid and somewhat astringent[K]. The oval fruit is up to 20mm long and 14mm wide, it contains a single large seed[K]. Seed - raw or cooked. It can be eaten with the fruit though the seed case is rather fibrous[K].

Fruit

Material uses

Plants can be grown as a hedge in exposed positions, tolerating maritime exposure. They form a good wind-break, though they are somewhat slow to reach an effective size[K]. They succeed when planted under trees that have become bare at the base, in time they will scramble up into the tree and fill out the bottom[1].
There are no material uses listed for Elaeagnus cordifolia.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The fruit of many members of this genus is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals, especially in vitamins A, C and E, flavanoids and other bio-active compounds. It is also a fairly good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. It is being investigated as a food that is capable of reducing the incidence of cancer and also as a means of halting or reversing the growth of cancers[2].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge


Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[3]. It should germinate freely within 4 weeks, though it may take 18 months[K]. Stored seed can be very slow to germinate, often taking more than 18 months. A warm stratification for 4 weeks followed by 12 weeks cold stratification can help[4]. The seed usually (eventually) germinates quite well[3]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pot as soon as they are large enough to handle and plant out when they are at least 15cm tall.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm with a heel, July/August in a frame. Good percentage[3]. It is best to take the cuttings in June[5]. Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, 10 - 12cm with a heel, November in a frame. Leave for 12 months. Fair to good percentage[3].

Layering in September/October. Takes 12 months[3].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Elaeagnus cordifolia. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

We have very little specific information on this species and are not sure that this is the correct name for it. It is based on a name given to us by Probus gardens in Cornwall where a specimen is being grown. This plant, which is near to E. glabra, has a larger fruit than other members of the genus and ripens a week or two earlier, usually in mid April in Cornwall.

Succeeds in most soils that are well-drained[6]. Prefers a soil that is only moderately fertile, succeeding in poor soils and dry soils[7][6]. Requires a lime-free soil[8]. A very shade tolerant plant, it can be grown under other trees and will eventually climb up into them[1][9]. Plants are not reliably hardy in the colder areas of the country[6]. This species has a superb potential as a commercial fruit crop in temperate areas. It ripens its fruit in mid spring, well before any other fruit crops, yields are usually good to excellent and the fruit is of a good size with a reasonable flavour[K]. Some research needs to be carried out to determine the best conditions for ensuring good yields every year and also the mechanism of fertilization[K]. This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[10][6]. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[6]. An excellent companion plant, when grown in orchards it can increase yields from the fruit trees by up to 10%.

The small flowers are deliciously scented, their aroma pervading the garden on calm days[K].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Elaeagnus cordifolia. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Elaeagnus cordifolia.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Elaeagnus cordifolia
Genus
Elaeagnus
Family
Elaeagnaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
4 x 4 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type












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