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Uses

Toxic parts

All parts of the plant are poisonous, the toxic principle is dissipated by heat or by drying[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Young shoots - cooked[2][3][4]. Some caution is advised due to reports of toxicity[K].

Leaves

Material uses

Plants can be grown as ground cover, planted about 1.2 metres apart and allowed to scramble over the ground[5].
There are no material uses listed for Clematis flammula.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Clematis flammula.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber or Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame[6][7]. Sow stored seed as soon as it is obtained in a cold frame. Pre-soak the seed for 12 hours in warm water and remove as much of the tail and outer coat as possible[6]. A period of cold stratification is beneficial[6]. The seed germinates in 1 - 9 months or more at 20°c[6]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle and grow them on in a cold frame for their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts.

Internodal cuttings of soft to semi-ripe wood, late spring in sandy soil in a frame[7]. Cuttings of half-ripe inter-nodal cuttings, June/July in a frame[8]. Layering of old stems in late winter or early spring[7].

Layering of current seasons growth in early summer[7].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Clematis flammula. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a deep moist well-drained soil with its roots in the shade[9][7]. Dislikes poorly-drained heavy clay soils, but grows well in clay if grit is added for drainage[10][7]. Dislikes light sandy soils[10]. Does well on chalk[11]. Succeeds in acid as well as alkaline soils[7]. Thrives in exposed positions[9].

Plants are hardy to about -15°c[8]. A twining plant[9], it is fast growing[8]. The leafstalks wrap themselves around twigs and branches for support. When a side of the stalk touches an object, the growth on that side slows down whilst the other side grows at its normal rate - this causes the leaf stalk to entwine the object it is touching[12]. When planting out, in order to avoid the disease 'clematis wilt', it is best to plant the rootball about 8cm deeper in the soil. This will also serve to build up a good root crown of growth buds[7]. A very ornamental plant[11], the flowers are very fragrant[8]. They have a pronounced smell of meadowsweet, almost too powerful when inhaled close-up[13]. They are produced on the current season's growth and so any pruning of the plant is best carried out in the spring before new growth begins[14]. Plants rarely produce fertile seed in Britain[14]. A greedy plant, inhibiting the growth of nearby plants, especially legumes[15]. Plants seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits[16].

This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[17][7].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Clematis flammula. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Clematis flammula.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Clematis flammula
Genus
Clematis
Family
Ranunculaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
?
Growth Rate
Mature Size
4 x 4 meters
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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References

  1. ? Frohne. D. and Pf?nder. J. A Colour Atlas of Poisonous Plants. Wolfe ISBN 0723408394 (1984-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 4. Thompson and Morgan. (1990-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.77.87.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (1990-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.2 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  12. ? Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R. A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers The Riverside Press ISBN 63-7093 (1963-00-00)
  13. ? Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (1994-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
  15. ? Hatfield. A. W. How to Enjoy your Weeds. Frederick Muller Ltd ISBN 0-584-10141-4 (1977-00-00)
  16. ? Thomas. G. S. Perennial Garden Plants J. M. Dent & Sons, London. ISBN 0 460 86048 8 (1990-00-00)
  17. ? RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)
  18. ? Polunin. O. and Huxley. A. Flowers of the Mediterranean. Hogarth Press ISBN 0-7012-0784-1 (1987-00-00)

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