Fruit - very harsh and acid raw but fragrant when cooked. Used for jams, jellies etc and as a flavouring with cooked apples[K]. The fruit can be apple or pear-shaped and up to 6cm long x 6cm wide
Plants can be grown to make a medium sized hedge
Some cultivars, such as 'Crimson and Gold' produce suckers prolifically and are suitable for ground cover
There are no material uses listed for Chaenomeles x superba.
There are no medicinal uses listed for Chaenomeles x superba.
Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a sheltered position outdoors or in a cold frame
. Sow stored seed in February in a greenhouse
. Germination usually takes place within 6 weeks
. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. If well grown, these seedling can be large enough to plant out in the summer, but give them some protection in their first winter. Otherwise plant them out in late spring of the following year[K]. This species is a hybrid and so will not breed true from seed.
Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Easy.
Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, November in a cold frame.
Layering in late spring or in autumn. This is a sure and easy method, though it takes 12 months
Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Chaenomeles x superba. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.
Easily cultivated in any reasonably good soil
. Prefers a deep moist well-drained loam
. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Tolerates full shade but requires a sunny position for best fruit production
. Becomes chlorotic on very alkaline soils
. Tolerates atmospheric pollution
Plants are hardy to about -25°c.
A very ornamental plant, there are many named varieties.
A good bee plant, flowering early in the year and providing pollen and nectar.
Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus
Problems, pests & diseases
Associations & Interactions
There are no interactions listed for Chaenomeles x superba. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.
Polycultures & Guilds
There are no polycultures listed which include Chaenomeles x superba.
This table shows all the data stored for this plant.
Chaenomeles x superba
Material uses & Functions
Native Climate Zones
Adapted Climate Zones
Native Geographical Range
Root Zone Tendancy
? 1.001.011.021.031.041.051.061.071.081.091.101.111.12 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
? 2.02.1 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
? 3.03.13.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
? 4.04.14.24.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
? Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-00-00)
? Davis. B. Climbers and Wall Shrubs. Viking. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 (1990-00-00)
? International Bee Research Association. Garden Plants Valuable to Bees. International Bee Research Association. (1981-00-00)