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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

The leaves are used as a tea substitute[1][2].

Unknown part

Tea

Material uses

A green dye is obtained from the flowers[3].

A poultice of the dried powdered leaves has been used as a baby powder for treating nappy rash etc[4]. Smoke from burning the plant has been used as an insecticide to kill bedbugs[4].

All parts of the plant are rich in saponins - when crushed and mixed with water they produce a good lather which is an effective and gentle soap[3][5][6]. This soap is very good at removing dirt, though it does not remove oils very well. This means that when used on the skin it will not remove the natural body oils, but nor will it remove engine oil etc[K] The flowers are a very good source, when used as a body soap they leave behind a pleasant perfume on the skin[K]. The developing seed cases are also a very good source of saponins[K].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The leaves are febrifuge[4]. An infusion has been used in the treatment of coughs and fevers[4]. A decoction of the leaves and stems has been used both internally and externally in the treatment of dull pains, rheumatism etc[4]. The leaves contain saponins and have been used as a skin wash that is also deodorant and can destroy some parasites[257, K]. The wash is beneficial in treating sores, eczema, nappy rash etc[4].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nitrogen fixer

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame. Stored seed should be pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water and then given 1 - 3 months stratification at 1°c[7][8]. Germination usually takes place within 1 - 2 months at 20°c[7]. One report says that the seed is best given boiling water treatment, or heated in 4 times its volume of sand at 90 - 120°c for 4 - 5 minutes and then soaked in warm water for 12 hours before sowing it[9]. It then requires a period of chilling below 5°c for up to 84 days before it will germinate[9]. Seeds have considerable longevity, some that have been in the soil for 200 years or more have germinated[9]. The seed is ejected from its capsule with some force when fully ripe, timing the collection of seed can be difficult because unless collected just prior to dehiscence the seed is difficult to extract and rarely germinates satisfactorily[9]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots as soon as they are large enough to handle. Grow them on in the greenhouse for at least their first winter and plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, taken at a node[8], July/August in a frame[10].

Cuttings of mature wood of the current year's growth, 7 - 12 cm with a heel, October in a cold frame[11]. The roots are quite brittle and it is best to pot up the callused cuttings in spring, just before the roots break[11]. Good percentage.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Ceanothus velutinus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a warm sunny position but tolerates light shade[10][8]. Tolerates some lime, but will not succeed on shallow chalk[8].

One report says that this species is hardy to zone 5 (tolerating temperatures down to about -20°c)[8] whilst another says that it needs the protection of a wall when grown outdoors in Britain[12]. Plants dislike root disturbance, they should be planted out into their permanent positions whilst still small[13]. Dislikes heavy pruning, it is best not to cut out any wood thicker than a pencil[13]. Plants flower on the previous year's growth, if any pruning is necessary it is best carried out immediately after flowering has finished[8][14]. Constant pruning to keep a plant small can shorten its life[8]. Fast growing, it flowers well when young, often in its second year from seed[10]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[8]. The leaves have a strong scent of balsam[8].

Some members of this genus have a symbiotic relationship with certain soil micro-organisms, these form nodules on the roots of the plants and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby[8][6].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Ceanothus velutinus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Ceanothus velutinus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Ceanothus velutinus
Genus
Ceanothus
Family
Rhamnaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.44.54.64.7 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Buchanan. R. A Weavers Garden. ()
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Craighead. J., Craighead. F. and Davis. R. A Field Guide to Rocky Mountain Wildflowers The Riverside Press ISBN 63-7093 (1963-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 3. Thompson and Morgan. (1989-00-00)
    8. ? 8.008.018.028.038.048.058.068.078.088.098.10 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Matthews. V. The New Plantsman. Volume 1, 1994. Royal Horticultural Society ISBN 1352-4186 (1994-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.3 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    12. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    14. ? Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
    15. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-71

    "image:Ceanothusvelutinus.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.