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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw, cooked, dried for later use or made into pickles, chutney etc[1][2][3][4][5][6]. There is very little flesh in the fruit and it must be fully ripe otherwise it is very astringent[K]. Mucilaginous and sweetly acid[6]. Leaves - raw or cooked[2][7]. Succulent, they are eaten in salads and can also be used as a substitute for pickled cucumber[6]. We find them too mucilaginous to be enjoyable[K].

Fruit

Leaves

Material uses

Used in maritime areas to prevent soil erosion in sandy soils[8][9]. Plants form a dense carpet and make an effective ground cover[10].

Can be grown as a fire barrier in areas subject to forest fires, it is moderately fire retardant[9].

The dried leaves contain about 19.4% tannin and the dry stems 14.2%[11]. Yields of 1700 kilos per hectare of cultivated plants have been achieved[11].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Carpobrotus edulis.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover


Earth stabiliser

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - surface sow March to June in a greenhouse. Lower night-time temperatures are beneficial. The seed usually germinates in 7 - 10 days at 23°c[12]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts. Cuttings at any time during the growing season. Allow the cutting to dry in the sun for a day or two then pot up in a very sandy mix. Very easy[K].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Carpobrotus edulis. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a well-drained sandy soil in a sunny position[1][9]. Plants can be grown on dry walls or in the flower border[13]. Established plants are very drought resistant[9]. Very resistant to wind and salt spray[13]. Moderately fire-retardant[9].

Plants are not very frost resistant and can be killed by temperatures below about -2°c. They have naturalized themselves on cliffs along the coast of S. Britain but do not succeed inland unless grown in a sunny sheltered position[9].

A vigorous prostrate plant, rooting as it spreads. The flowers only open in the afternoon[9].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Carpobrotus edulis. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Carpobrotus edulis.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Carpobrotus edulis
Genus
Carpobrotus
Family
Aizoaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Salinity
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Carpobrotus April 2008-1.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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References

  1. ? 1.01.11.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Crowe. A. Native Edible Plants of New Zealand. Hodder and Stoughton ISBN 0-340-508302 (1990-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Brickell. C. The RHS Gardener's Encyclopedia of Plants and Flowers Dorling Kindersley Publishers Ltd. ISBN 0-86318-386-7 (1990-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.69.79.8 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Rottsieper. E.H.W. Vegetable Tannins The Forestal Land, Timber and Railways Co. Ltd. (1946-00-00)
  12. ? Bird. R. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 3. Thompson and Morgan. (1989-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)

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Facts about "Carpobrotus edulis"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyAizoaceae +
Belongs to genusCarpobrotus +
Functions asGround cover + and Earth stabiliser +
Has binomial nameCarpobrotus edulis +
Has common nameHottentot Fig +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partFruit + and Leaves +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind +, Drought + and Salinity +
Has fertility typeBees +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone8 +
Has imageCarpobrotus April 2008-1.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useFire retardant + and Tannin +
Has mature height0.1 +
Has mature width1 +
Has primary imageCarpobrotus April 2008-1.jpg +
Has salinity toleranceTolerant +
Has search namecarpobrotus edulis + and hottentot fig +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameCarpobrotus edulis +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Carpobrotus edulis +, Carpobrotus edulis +, Carpobrotus edulis + and Carpobrotus edulis +