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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves and leaf stems - raw or cooked.

Flowers and young flowering stems - raw or cooked[1]. Sweet and succulent[2]. An edible semi-drying oil is obtained from the seed[3][4][5][6][7]. The seed contains 25 - 30% oil[8]. The seed is used as a mustard flavouring[9]. It is the source of 'brown mustard'[7], a prepared mustard that is milder than that produced from other species[10]. Pungency of mustard develops when cold water is added to the ground-up seed - an enzyme (myrosin) acts on a glycoside (sinigrin) to produce a sulphur compound. The reaction takes 10 - 15 minutes. Mixing with hot water or vinegar, or adding salt, inhibits the enzyme and produces a mild bitter mustard[10]. Black mustard comes from B. nigra and white mustard from Sinapis alba. The seed is also used whole in curries and pickles[10]. They are often heated in oil to destroy their pungency and give them a nutty flavour[10].

Sprouted seeds can be added to salads.

Leaves

Unknown part

Oil

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Brassica juncea strumata.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Reported to be anodyne, aperitif, diuretic, emetic, rubefacient, and stimulant, the plant is a folk remedy for arthritis, foot ache, lumbago, and rheumatism[11].

The seed is used in the treatment of tumours in China[11]. In Korea, the seeds are used in the treatment of abscesses, colds, lumbago, rheumatism, and stomach disorders[11]. The root is used as a galactagogue in Africa[11]. Ingestion may impart a body odour repellent to mosquitoes[11]. Mustard oil is used in the treatment of skin eruptions and ulcers[11]. Believed to be aperient and tonic, the volatile oil is used as a counterirritant and stimulant[11]. In Java the plant is used as an antisyphilitic emmenagogue[11]. Leaves applied to the forehead are said to relieve headache[11].

The Chinese eat the leaves in soups for bladder, inflammation or haemorrhage[11].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow in situ from August to October. Spring and early summer-sown crops tend to run quickly to seed, though they can be eaten whilst still small[12]. It is best not to sow the seed in very hot weather[12]. There are about 5,660 - 6,000 per 0.01 kg (1/3 oz)[11].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Brassica juncea strumata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in full sun in most well-drained moisture-retentive fertile soils[13][14][12]. Prefers a heavy soil and some shade[13]. Dislikes very hot weather[15]. Plants tolerate high rainfall and, although fairly deep rooted, are not very drought resistant[12].

A form of B. juncea that has been selected in the Orient for its edible swollen stem, there are many named varieties[12]. Plants are reasonably cold-tolerant[12]. They prefer a fairly high stable temperature and are well adapted to short day length[14]. Many are best grown in warmer climates than Britain but there are several cultivars that grow well in this country[12]. Plants have a rooting depth of between 90 - 120 cm[11].

A good bee plant[8].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Brassica juncea strumata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Brassica juncea strumata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Brassica juncea strumata
Genus
Brassica
Family
Brassicaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type












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