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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2]. Dry with a very poor flavour[K]. The fruits are about 8mm long[3]. Leaves - cooked.

Fruit

Leaves

Material uses

Plants can be grown as a medium-size hedge[4]. They are very tolerant of trimming and have prickles which make them an effective barrier to larger creatures[K].

The cultivar 'Atropurpurea Nana' can be used for ground cover[5]. It makes a dense covering when planted 30cm apart each way[5].

A yellow dye is obtained from the root and branches[6].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root bark is anthelmintic, antiseptic and febrifuge[6]. Berberine, universally present in rhizomes of Berberis species, has marked antibacterial effects. Since it is not appreciably absorbed by the body, it is used orally in the treatment of various enteric infections, especially bacterial dysentery[7]. It should not be used with Glycyrrhiza species (Liquorice) because this nullifies the effects of the berberine[7]. Berberine has also shown antitumour activity[7].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover


Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, when it should germinate in late winter or early spring[8]. Seed from over-ripe fruit will take longer to germinate[8], whilst stored seed may require cold stratification and should be sown in a cold frame as early in the year as possible[9]. The seedlings are subject to damping off, so should be kept well ventilated[10]. When the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame. If growth is sufficient, it can be possible to plant them out into their permanent positions in the autumn, but generally it is best to leave them in the cold frame for the winter and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Fairly easy[11].

Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, preferably with a heel, October/November in a frame[8]. Fairly easy[11]

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Berberis thunbergii. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a warm moist loamy soil but it is by no means fastidious, succeeding in thin, dry and shallow soils[11][3]. Prefers a lime-free soil according to one report[12]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in full sun or light shade[11][3].

Plants are hardy to about -25°c[13]. A commonly grown ornamental plant, there are many named varieties[12]. Plants can be pruned back quite severely, they resprout well from the base[3]. Unlike most other members of this genus, this plant does not usually hybridize with other species[14]. An alternate host of 'black-stem rust' of wheat so it has been extensively grubbed up from its habitats.

This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[3].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Berberis thunbergii. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Berberis thunbergii.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Berberis thunbergii
Genus
Berberis
Family
Berberidaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    2 x 3 meters
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:BerberisThunbergiiBerries.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:BerberisThunbergiiBerries.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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    "image:BerberisThunbergiiBerries.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.43.53.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Shepherd. F.W. Hedges and Screens. Royal Horticultural Society. ISBN 0900629649 (1974-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.26.3 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
    9. ? McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
    10. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.111.211.311.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 Thomas. G. S. Ornamental Shrubs, Climbers and Bamboos. Murray ISBN 0-7195-5043-2 (1992-00-00)
    13. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
    14. ? Ahrendt. Berberis and Mahonia. Journal of the Linnean Society, 57 (1961-00-00)
    15. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-58

    "image:BerberisThunbergiiBerries.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Berberis thunbergii"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyBerberidaceae +
    Belongs to genusBerberis +
    Functions asGround cover + and Hedge +
    Has binomial nameBerberis thunbergii +
    Has common nameJapanese Barberry +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFruit + and Leaves +
    Has edible useUnknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile + and Insects +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has growth rateModerate +
    Has hardiness zone4 +
    Has imageBerberisThunbergiiBerries.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typePerennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye +
    Has mature height2 +
    Has mature width3 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAnthelmintic +, Antibacterial +, Antiseptic +, Cancer + and Febrifuge +
    Has primary imageBerberisThunbergiiBerries.jpg +
    Has search nameberberis thunbergii + and japanese barberry +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid + and Neutral +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameBerberis thunbergii +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Inhabits ecosystem nicheSoil surface +
    Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
    Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Berberis thunbergii +, Berberis thunbergii +, Berberis thunbergii +, Berberis thunbergii +, Berberis thunbergii +, Berberis thunbergii +, Berberis thunbergii + and Berberis thunbergii +