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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked and used in preserves[1][2][3][4]. An acid but very pleasant flavour, children seem particularly fond of the fruit[2, K]. When fully ripe, the fruit loses most of its acidity and makes very pleasant eating[K]. Unfortunately there is a lot of seed compared to the amount of flesh and this does detract somewhat from the pleasure of eating it[K]. The fruit goes very well raw in a muesli or cooked in a porridge[K]. The fruits are about 7mm long[5].

Fruit

Material uses

Plants are very amenable to trimming and can be used as a formal hedge. They also make a very good informal hedge, their long arching branches looking especially attractive when in flower or bearing fruit. The plants tolerate maritime exposure though they are slow growing[6]. A yellow dye is obtained from the root and bark[7][8].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The root bark is tonic[7][8]. Berberine, universally present in all parts of Berberis species but especially the rhizomes, has marked antibacterial effects, especially upon the urinary system. Since it is not appreciably absorbed by the body, it is used orally in the treatment of various enteric infections, especially bacterial dysentery[9]. It should not be used with Glycyrrhiza species (Liquorice) because this nullifies the effects of the berberine[9]. Berberine has also shown antitumour activity[9].

Unknown part

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Hedge

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame, when it should germinate in late winter or early spring[10]. Seed from over-ripe fruit will take longer to germinate[10], whilst stored seed may require cold stratification and should be sown in a cold frame as early in the year as possible[11]. The seedlings are subject to damping off, so should be kept well ventilated[12]. When the seedlings are large enough to handle, prick them out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame. If growth is sufficient, it can be possible to plant them out into their permanent positions in the autumn, but generally it is best to leave them in the cold frame for the winter and plant them out in late spring or early summer of the following year.

Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame.

Cuttings of mature wood of the current season's growth, preferably with a heel, October/November in a frame[10].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Berberis darwinii. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a warm moist loamy soil in full sun or light shade but it is by no means fastidious, succeeding in thin, dry and shallow soils[13][5]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds on chalky soils if other conditions are suitable but prefers an acid soil[14]. Dislikes exposure to strong winds according to one report[13], whilst others say that it is a very wind hardy plant, tolerating maritime exposure[15][6][5]. Does not flower well in exposed positions[15]. Plants growing in a very exposed position on our trial grounds in Cornwall are flowering and fruiting well, they are rather slow growing but are looking very happy and healthy[K].

A very ornamental plant, it is hardy to about -15°c[14]. A good bee plant[16]. Birds love this fruit and will happily eat it all before it is fully ripe[K]. If you want to experience the fully ripe fruit then it might be necessary to find ways of keep the birds off the plants[K]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[17]. Plants can be pruned back quite severely, they resprout well from the base[5].

This species is notably resistant to honey fungus[5].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Berberis darwinii. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Berberis darwinii.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Berberis darwinii
Genus
Berberis
Family
Berberidaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
7
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.1 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.55.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.16.2 Rosewarne experimental horticultural station. Shelter Trees and Hedges. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1984-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.19.29.3 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.2 Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  11. ? McMillan-Browse. P. Hardy Woody Plants from Seed. Grower Books ISBN 0-901361-21-6 (1985-00-00)
  12. ? Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.113.2 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
  15. ? 15.015.1 Arnold-Forster. Shrubs for the Milder Counties. ()
  16. ? International Bee Research Association. Garden Plants Valuable to Bees. International Bee Research Association. (1981-00-00)
  17. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  18. ? Ahrendt. Berberis and Mahonia. Journal of the Linnean Society, 57 (1961-00-00)

"image:Berberis darwinii shoot.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Berberis darwinii"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyBerberidaceae +
Belongs to genusBerberis +
Functions asHedge +
Has binomial nameBerberis darwinii +
Has common nameDarwin's Barberry +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFruit +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Insects + and Self +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone7 +
Has imageBerberis darwinii shoot.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useDye +
Has mature height3 +
Has mature width3.5 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntibacterial +, Cancer + and Tonic +
Has primary imageBerberis darwinii shoot.jpg +
Has search nameberberis darwinii + and darwin's barberry +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceVery acid +, Acid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy +, Clay + and Heavy clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameBerberis darwinii +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Berberis darwinii +, Berberis darwinii +, Berberis darwinii +, Berberis darwinii + and Berberis darwinii +