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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4]. Sweet, dry and mealy[5]. An important food for native tribes, it can also be dried for winter use[6]. When dried and baked into a bread it is relished by the native Indian tribes[1]. If harvested when not quite ripe, it can be used like a tart apple[1]. A cooling sub-acid drink can be made from the fruit[1][7]. The fruit is about 8 - 10mm in diameter[8]. Seed - ground into a powder and used to make mush, biscuits etc[2][7]. The seed is very small and would be difficult to separate from the fruit. It would be easier to dry the whole fruit, grind this into a powder and use it in soups etc[K].

Fruit

Material uses

A yellowish-brown dye is obtained from the leaves, it does not require a mordant[9]. The wood is used for making fine furniture[5].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The dried leaves are used in the treatment of a variety of complaints[10]. These leaves should be harvested in early autumn, only green leaves being selected, and then dried in gentle heat[10]. A tea made from the dried leaves is strongly astringent, diuretic and an antiseptic for the urinary tract[10][11]. It is much used for kidney and bladder complaints and inflammation of the urinary tract, but it should be used with caution[10][12][13][14] because it contains arbutin which hydrolyzes into the toxic urinary antiseptic hydroquinone[11].

An infusion of the bark powder has been used in the treatment of lung haemorrhages[7].

A cider made from the fruit has been used as an appetizer to create appetite and treat stomach complaints[7]. Although the report does not specify, the cider was probably unfermented[K].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe. Pre-soak dried seed in boiling water for 10 - 20 seconds or burn some straw on top of them and then stratify at 2 - 5°c for 2 months[15][8]. The seed usually germinates in 2 - 3 months at 15°c[16]. When large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in a cold frame or greenhouse for at least their first winter. Plant out in late spring or early summer.

Cuttings of side shoots of the current season's growth, 5 - 8cm with a heel, August to December in a frame. The cuttings are very slow and can take a year to root[17][18]. Division in early spring. Take care because the plant resents root disturbance. Pot the divisions up and keep them in a lightly shaded position in a cold frame or greenhouse until they are growing away actively.

Layering in spring[8].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Arctostaphylos tomentosa. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Requires a deep moist well-drained light or medium lime-free loam[15][19][8] in sun or semi-shade but plants produce less fruit when they are grown in the shade[8]. Tolerates maritime exposure.

This species is not hardy in the colder areas of the country, it tolerates temperatures down to between -5 and -10°c[8]. Very closely related to A. columbiana but with a more southerly range[15]. Plants can regenerate after a forest fire from a mallee-like base[19].

Plants resent root disturbance and should be placed in their final positions as soon as possible[15][16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Arctostaphylos tomentosa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Arctostaphylos tomentosa.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Arctostaphylos tomentosa
Genus
Arctostaphylos
Family
Ericaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
8
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

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"image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.4 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.2 Balls. E. K. Early Uses of Californian Plants. University of California Press ISBN 0-520-00072-2 (1975-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Yanovsky. E. Food Plants of the N. American Indians. Publication no. 237. U.S. Depf of Agriculture. ()
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  6. ? 6.06.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.5 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.68.7 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Grae. I. Nature's Colors - Dyes from Plants. MacMillan Publishing Co. New York. ISBN 0-02-544950-8 (1974-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.4 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
  13. ? 13.013.1 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Schofield. J. J. Discovering Wild Plants - Alaska, W. Canada and the Northwest. ()
  15. ? 15.015.115.215.315.4 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 2. Thompson and Morgan. (1988-00-00)
  17. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
  18. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-00-00)
  19. ? 19.019.1 Taylor. J. The Milder Garden. Dent (1990-00-00)
  20. ? Munz. A California Flora. University of California Press (1959-00-00)

"image:Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Arctostaphylos tomentosa"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyEricaceae +
Belongs to genusArctostaphylos +
Has binomial nameArctostaphylos tomentosa +
Has common nameDowny Manzanita +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partFruit + and Seed +
Has edible useUnknown use +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure + and High wind +
Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees + and Self +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has hardiness zone8 +
Has imageArctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useDye + and Wood +
Has mature height1.5 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntiseptic +, Appetizer +, Astringent +, Diuretic + and Stomachic +
Has primary imageArctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. crustacea.jpg +
Has search namearctostaphylos tomentosa + and downy manzanita +
Has shade toleranceLight shade +
Has soil ph preferenceVery acid + and Acid +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy + and Loamy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameArctostaphylos tomentosa +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is deciduous or evergreenEvergreen +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
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