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Uses

Toxic parts

Although no reports of toxicity have been seen for this plant, some caution is advised due to the following report for the closely related A. lappa[K]. Care should be taken if harvesting the seed in any quantity since tiny hairs from the seeds can be inhaled and these are toxic[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Root - raw or cooked[2][3]. The best roots are obtained from young plants[3]. Usually peeled and sliced[4].

The roasted root is a coffee substitute[4]. Young leaves and leaf stems - raw or cooked[3]. Used as a potherb[4]. Mucilaginous. It is best to remove the rind from the stem[3]. Young flowering stem - peeled and eaten raw or cooked like asparagus[5][4].

Seed sprouts[6]. No further details.

Unknown part

Leaves

Material uses

A fibre is obtained from the inner bark and is used to make paper. It is about 0.9mm long[7]. The stems are harvested in late summer, the leaves are removed and the stems steamed in order to strip off the fibre. The fibres are then cooked for two hours in soda ash before being put in a ball mill for 2 hours[7]. The resulting paper is a light tan/ brown colour[7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Burdock is one of the foremost detoxifying herbs in both Chinese and Western herbal medicine[8]. Arctium lappa is the main species used, though this species has similar properties[8]. The dried root of one year old plants is the official herb, but the leaves and fruits can also be used[9]. It is used to treat conditions caused by an 'overload' of toxins, such as throat and other infections, boils, rashes and other skin problems[8]. The root is thought to be particularly good at helping to eliminate heavy metals from the body[8].

The plant is antibacterial, antifungal and carminative[10][11][12][13][14]. It has soothing, mucilaginous properties and is said to be one of the most certain cures for many types of skin diseases, burns, bruises etc[9][15]. It is used in the treatment of herpes, eczema, acne, impetigo, ringworm, boils, bites etc[15]. The plant can be taken internally as an infusion, or used externally as a wash[15]. Use with caution[13]. One-year old roots are alterative, aperient, blood purifier, cholagogue, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic and stomachic[16][17]. The seed is alterative, antibacterial, antifungal, antiphlogistic, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic and hypoglycaemic[14][16]. It is used in the treatment of colds with sore throat and cough, measles, pharyngitis, acute tonsillitis and abscesses[14]. The crushed seed is poulticed onto bruises[17]. The seed is harvested in the summer and dried for later use[8]. The seed contains arctiin, this excites the central nervous system producing convulsions an increase in respiration and later paralysis. It also lowers the blood pressure by dilating the blood vessels[14].

The leaves are poulticed onto burns, ulcers and sores[17].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in situ in autumn.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Arctium minus. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds on most soils, preferably moist[18]. Prefers a sunny position. Prefers partial shade according to another report[18].

A polymorphic species[19].

A good butterfly plant[20].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Arctium minus. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Arctium minus.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Arctium minus
Genus
Arctium
Family
Compositae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    1 x meters
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? Erhardt. W. Hemerocallis. Day Lilies. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-7065-8 (1992-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Harris. B. C. Eat the Weeds. Pivot Health (1973-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Bell. L. A. Plant Fibres for Papermaking. Liliaceae Press (1988-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.5 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Lust. J. The Herb Book. Bantam books ISBN 0-553-23827-2 (1983-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.1 ? A Barefoot Doctors Manual. Running Press ISBN 0-914294-92-X ()
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
    14. ? 14.014.114.214.314.4 Yeung. Him-Che. Handbook of Chinese Herbs and Formulas. Institute of Chinese Medicine, Los Angeles (1985-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.115.215.3 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (1990-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.116.2 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.117.217.3 Foster. S. & Duke. J. A. A Field Guide to Medicinal Plants. Eastern and Central N. America. Houghton Mifflin Co. ISBN 0395467225 (1990-00-00)
    18. ? 18.018.118.2 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    19. ? 19.019.1 Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)
    20. ? Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()

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    "image:Arctium minus corimbo.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Arctium minus"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyCompositae +
    Belongs to genusArctium +
    Has binomial nameArctium minus +
    Has common nameLesser Burdock +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partUnknown part +, Leaves +, Root +, Seed + and Stem +
    Has edible useCoffee + and Unknown use +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +, Bees +, Lepidoptera + and Self +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has hardiness zone5 +
    Has imageArctium minus corimbo.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typeBiennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material usePaper +
    Has mature height1 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAlterative +, Antibacterial +, Antifungal +, Aperient +, Blood purifier +, Carminative +, Cholagogue +, Diaphoretic +, Diuretic + and Hypoglycaemic +
    Has primary imageArctium minus corimbo.jpg +
    Has search namearctium minus + and lesser burdock +
    Has shade toleranceLight shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
    Has sun preferenceFull sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameArctium minus +
    Has water requirementsmoderate +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedNo +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus +, Arctium minus + and Arctium minus +