Stalks and young shoots - cooked or raw. The stalks should be peeled, they can be used like celery. They can also be used to sweeten tart fruits and to make jam. They are often crystallised in sugar and used as sweets and cake decorations. The stems are best harvested in the spring. An essential oil is obtained from the root and seeds, it is used as a food flavouring. Root - cooked. Seed - used as a flavouring in liqueurs such as Chartreuse.A tea can be made from the leaves, seed or roots.
The plant is antispasmodic, carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, stimulant, stomachic, tonic. An infusion is used to ease flatulence, indigestion, chronic bronchitis and typhus. It stimulates blood flow to the peripheral parts of the body and so is of value in treating poor circulation - it is considered a specific treatment for Buerger's disease, a condition that narrows the arteries of the hands and feet. Angelica is contra-indicated for people with a tendency towards diabetes since its use can increase sugar levels in the urine. This plant should not be prescribed for pregnant women, nor should the juice be allowed to come into contact with the eyes.An essential oil from the seeds is sometimes used as a rub to relieve rheumatic conditions.
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A very hardy plant, tolerating severe frosts without damage. Although by nature biennial, the plants are reliably perennial if they are prevented from setting seed. Angelica is occasionally cultivated in the herb garden, mainly for its culinary uses. The plants have a pervading aromatic odour. The growing plant is almost untroubled by pests and diseases. It attracts bees and hoverflies to the garden, helping to create a natural balance of insect pests and predators.When well-sited, the plant will often self-sow - sometimes to the point of nuisance.
Problems, pests & diseases
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