This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young stems - raw or cooked as a potherb, added to soups etc[1][2][3][4][5]. The plant is at its best for eating in late summer[6]. The stems are very succulent, but have a thin woody core that is easily removed[264, K]. They are best harvested when about 15cm long, the top 10cm being used leaving the bottom 5cm to produce new shoots[6]. They require little cooking, just adding them to a soup for the last few minutes of cooking is sufficient[7]. The plant has a salty flavour[5] and makes a very pleasant raw nibble[K]. The young shoots can be pickled after first boiling them in their own salted water[5].

Seed[8]. Rich in protein[5]. The seed is rather small and fiddly to utilize[K].

An edible oil is obtained from the seed. A high quality, it is similar to safflower oil (Carthamnus tinctoria)[5].

Leaves

Unknown part

Oil

Material uses

The ashes obtained from burning this plant are rich in potash and are used in making soap or glass[9][10][2][11][12]. The ashes can also be used as a soap.

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Salicornia europaea.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - best sown in situ as soon as ripe in a well-drained outdoor bed[3].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Salicornia europaea. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a rich organic soil with ample nitrogen and regular watering[6]. This species is little, if at all, cultivated and its exact requirements are not clearly understood[6]. It is not known if the plant will require periodic inundation by salty water to grow well[6]. Glasswort is difficult to grow in cultivation[3][6], it can succeed in gardens if sown as soon as the seed is ripe in the autumn in a well-drained soil[3].

A very variable plant both in size and the number of branches produced - a number of subspecies are recognised[6]. The best forms for food production are bushy plants up to 40cm tall with an upright habit that keeps the branches out of the mud[6]. The form sometimes classed as a distinct species (as S. ramosissima Woods.) has this habit and habitat and so is the best form for using in cultivation experiments[6]. When seeking seed for cultivation, try to collect from plants with this habit and also choose plants nearer the high tide mark that therefore receive less inundation[6].

The edible leaves are occasionally sold in local markets[11].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Salicornia europaea. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Salicornia europaea.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Salicornia europaea
Genus
Salicornia
Family
Chenopodiaceae
Imported References
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Salinity
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
None listed.
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
?
Herbaceous or Woody
?
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
?
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-00-00)
  2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 Triska. Dr. Hamlyn Encyclopaedia of Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-33545-3 (1975-00-00)
  3. ? 3.03.13.23.33.4 Larkcom. J. Salads all the Year Round. Hamlyn (1980-00-00)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
  5. ? 5.05.15.25.35.45.5 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
  6. ? 6.006.016.026.036.046.056.066.076.086.096.10 Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Vegetables Macmillan Reference Books, London. ISBN 0 333 62640 0 (1995-00-00)
  7. ? 7.07.1 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-00-00)
  8. ? 8.08.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-00-00)
  10. ? 10.010.1 Mabey. R. Plants with a Purpose. Fontana ISBN 0-00-635555-2 (1979-00-00)
  11. ? 11.011.111.2 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-00-00)
  12. ? 12.012.1 Usher. G. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. Constable ISBN 0094579202 (1974-00-00)
  13. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (1962-00-00)

"image:Illustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

Facts about "Salicornia europaea"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Article requires citationsNo +
Article requires cleanupYes +
Belongs to familyChenopodiaceae +
Belongs to genusSalicornia +
Has binomial nameSalicornia europaea +
Has common nameGlasswort +
Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
Has edible partLeaves +, Unknown part + and Seed +
Has edible useUnknown use + and Oil +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind + and Salinity +
Has fertility typeWind +
Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
Has imageIllustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typeAnnual +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useCleanser + and Potash +
Has mature height0.3 +
Has primary imageIllustration Salicornia europaea0.jpg +
Has salinity toleranceTolerant +
Has search namesalicornia europaea + and glasswort +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral +, Alkaline + and Very alkaline +
Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
Has taxonomy nameSalicornia europaea +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
PFAF cultivation notes migratedNo +
PFAF edible use notes migratedNo +
PFAF material use notes migratedNo +
PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
PFAF propagation notes migratedNo +
PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +
Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Salicornia europaea +, Salicornia europaea +, Salicornia europaea +, Salicornia europaea + and Salicornia europaea +