The roasted fruit is a coffee substitute.A tea is made from the fruits and young shoots.
The boughs are used as an incense to fumigate houses and to drive off smells. The wood can be burnt or just hung in the room, or it can be boiled up in water and the water used to wash the walls, floor etc. The bark is employed as a tinder and is also made into a slow match. The dried seeds have been used as beads or as the 'rattle' in rattles. The fruits and the leaves are used as an insect repellent. A strong infusion of the cones is used to kill ticks. Plants can be grown as a ground cover, the cultivar 'Repens' is especially suitable. A fairly wind resistant tree, it can be grown as part of a shelterbelt planting. In N. America it is used to some extent in re-afforestation and shelterbelt plantings on the prairies.Wood - extremely tough, aromatic, close grained, light, fairly strong in endwise compression but moderately weak in bending, hard, durable in the soil. Used for interior finishes, bows, hoops, hafts, wheels etc.
A tea made from the terminal shoots has been used in the treatment of VD by some N. American Indian tribes. The treatment has to be taken over a long period of time. The fruits are appetizer, diuretic and stomachic. An infusion has been used in the treatment of stomach, kidney and bladder problems. An infusion of the twigs has been used in the treatment of fevers, pneumonia, coughs and colds. A poultice of the mashed and dampened branches has been applied to skin sores. The leaves are diaphoretic, disinfectant, febrifuge, haemostatic, laxative, sedative and tonic. A decoction has been used in the treatment of internal bleeding, constipation and constant coughing. The leaves have been boiled, then mixed with turpentine and used as an external treatment on rheumatic joints.The leaves have been rubbed into the hair in order to treat dandruff.
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A long-lived but slow-growing tree in its native range, it is very slow growing in Britain where it only makes a shrub. Closely allied to J. virginiana and hybridising with it where the ranges meet. It differs mainly in the fruit, which takes two years to mature in this species instead of one. Plants are resistant to honey fungus. This tree is apparently resistant to the rust fungus that attacks the closely related J. virginiana.Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.
Problems, pests & diseases
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