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Uses

Toxic parts

Large quantities of the leaves are said to be hallucinogenic[1][2]. Blanching the leaves removes this hallucinatory component[3]. (This report does not make clear what it means by blanching, it could be excluding light from the growing shoots or immersing in boiling water[K].)

Edible uses

Notes

Leaves and young shoots - cooked[4][5][6][7]. An asparagus or celery substitute. An excellent sweet tasting vegetable[179, K], though some caution is recommended[1][2]. The leaves need to be eaten whilst still very young since they quickly become fibrous[K].

Flowers - raw or cooked[8][9]. The petals are thick and crunchy, making very pleasant eating raw, with a nice sweetness at the base because of the nectar[K]. The flowers can also be dried and used as a thickener in soups etc[8][7]. In this case, they are picked when somewhat withered and closed[4]. A rich source of iron[10]. Flower buds - raw or cooked[8][9][11][5]. A pea-like flavour[4]. Can be dried and used as a relish[12]. The dried flower contains about 9.3% protein. 25% fat!?, 60% carbohydrate (rich in sugar), 0.9% ash. It is rich in vitamin A[6].

Tubers - raw or cooked[7]. A nutty flavour[8]. Young tubers are best, though the central portion of older tubers is also good[4].

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

The tough dried foliage is plaited into cord and used for making footwear[3]. Plants form a spreading clump and are suitable for ground cover when spaced about 90cm apart each way[13]. The dead leaves should be left on the ground in the winter to ensure effective cover[13]. The cultivar 'Kwanso Flore Pleno' has been especially mentioned[13].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Diuretic, febrifuge, laxative (mild)[8][12][3].

The flowers are anodyne, antiemetic, antispasmodic, depurative, febrifuge and sedative[10]. In China they are used as an anodyne for women in childbirth[14]. An extract of the flowers is used as a blood purifier[14]. The rhizome has shown antimicrobial acivity, it is also tuberculostatic and has an action against the parasitic worms that cause filariasis[15]. It is used in Korea to treat oppilation, jaundice, constipation and pneumonia[15]. The juice of the roots is an effective antidote in cases of arsenic poisoning[3]. The root also has a folk history of use in the treatment of cancer - extracts from the roots have shown antitumour activity[10].

A tea made from the boiled roots is used as a diuretic[3][10].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Soil surface

Ecological Functions

Ground cover

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow in the middle of spring in a greenhouse. Germination is usually fairly rapid and good. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. Grow the plants on for their first winter in a greenhouse and plant out in late spring[K]. Division in spring or after flowering in late summer or autumn[16]. Division is very quick and easy, succeeding at almost any time of the year[K]. Larger clumps can be replanted direct into their permanent positions, though it is best to pot up smaller clumps and grow them on in a cold frame until they are rooting well. Plant them out in the spring.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Hemerocallis fulva. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Succeeds in most soils[17], including dry ones, though it prefers a rich moist soil[18] and a sunny position but tolerating partial shade[19][18]. Plants flower less freely in a shady position though the flowers can last longer in such a position[3]. Grows well in heavy clay soils. Succeeds in short grass if the soil is moist[17]. Prefers a pH between 6 and 7[16].

This species is hardy to about -20°c[20]. Plants take a year or two to become established after being moved[16]. The roots have spindle-shaped swellings and spread freely, the plant can become invasive[3]. A very ornamental plant[17], it is cultivated in China and Japan for its edible flowers and leaves, there are many named varieties[16]. Individual flowers are short-lived, opening in the morning and withering in the evening. The plant, however, produces a succession of flowers over a period of about 6 weeks[3]. The sterile cultivar 'Kwanzo' has double flowers, it has been especially mentioned for these flowers which are said to be crunchy with a nutty aftertaste[2]. 'Flore Pleno' is another form with double-flowers that have a delicious taste[K]. The sterile cultivar 'Europa' is very vigorous, with long stolons, and each piece of root is capable of growing into a new plant[3]. This cultivar, which is the form usually supplied from nurseries, succeeds in lawns and has even been known to grow through tarmac[3]. Hybridizes freely with other members of this genus[16]. Many forms of this plant are sterile triploids, probably of garden origin, and do not set seed[3]. The pollen, however, is fertile and can be used to fertilize other plants[3].

The plants are very susceptible to slug and snail damage, the young growth in spring is especially at risk[16].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Hemerocallis fulva. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Hemerocallis fulva.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Hemerocallis fulva
Genus
Hemerocallis
Family
Hemerocallidaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    1 x 1 meters
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.2 ? The Plantsman. Vol. 7. 1985 - 1986. Royal Horticultural Society (1985-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.3 ? The Plantsman. Vol. 9. 1986 - 1987. Royal Horticultural Society (1986-00-00)
    3. ? 3.003.013.023.033.043.053.063.073.083.093.103.113.123.13 Erhardt. W. Hemerocallis. Day Lilies. Batsford. ISBN 0-7134-7065-8 (1992-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.34.4 Harrington. H. D. Edible Native Plants of the Rocky Mountains. University of New Mexico Press ISBN 0-8623-0343-9 (1967-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.2 Brooklyn Botanic Garden Oriental Herbs and Vegetables, Vol 39 No. 2. Brooklyn Botanic Garden (1986-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Reid. B. E. Famine Foods of the Chiu-Huang Pen-ts'ao. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre (1977-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.17.27.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.48.58.6 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (1982-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.410.5 Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. Medicinal Plants of China Reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4 (1985-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.3 Stuart. Rev. G. A. Chinese Materia Medica. Taipei. Southern Materials Centre ()
    13. ? 13.013.113.213.3 Thomas. G. S. Plants for Ground Cover J. M. Dent & Sons ISBN 0-460-12609-1 (1990-00-00)
    14. ? 14.014.114.2 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (1986-00-00)
    15. ? 15.015.115.2 Medicinal Plants in the Republic of Korea World Health Organisation, Manila ISBN 92 9061 120 0 (1998-00-00)
    16. ? 16.016.116.216.316.416.516.6 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    17. ? 17.017.117.2 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    18. ? 18.018.1 Sanders. T. W. Popular Hardy Perennials. Collingridge (1926-00-00)
    19. ? RHS. The Garden. Volume 112. Royal Horticultural Society (1987-00-00)
    20. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Perennials Volumes 1 and 2. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30936-9 (1991-00-00)

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