This article has been marked as incomplete. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

None known

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - raw or cooked[1][2][3][4][5][6]. A somewhat astringent taste raw, it improves considerably when cooked and is delicious baked with a floury texture and a flavour rather like sweet potatoes[K]. The seed is rich in carbohydrates, it can be dried, then ground and used as a flour in breads, puddings, as a thickener in soups etc[7][8][9][10]. The roasted seed can be used as a coffee substitute[10]. A sugar can be extracted from the seed[10].

Unknown part

Material uses

Tannin is obtained from the bark[11][12]. The wood, leaves and seed husks also contain tannin[12]. The husks contain 10 - 13% tannin[12]. On a 10% moisture basis, the bark contains 6.8% tannin and the wood 13.4%[12]. The meal of the seed has been used as a source of starch and also for whitening linen cloth[2]. A hair shampoo is made from the leaves and the skins of the fruits[7]. It imparts a golden gleam to the hair[7]. Wood - hard, strong, light. The young growing wood is very durable, though older wood becomes brittle and liable to crack[2]. It is used for carpentry, turnery, props, basketry, fence posts etc[2][13][7][14][11][15]. A very good fuel[13].

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Although more commonly thought of as a food crop, sweet chestnut leaves and bark are a good source of tannins and these have an astringent action useful in the treatment of bleeding, diarrhoea etc. The leaves and bark are anti-inflammatory, astringent, expectorant and tonic[2][7][16]. They are harvested in June or July and can be used fresh or dried[2]. An infusion has been used in the treatment of fevers and ague, but are mainly employed for their efficacy in treating convulsive coughs such as whooping cough and in other irritable conditions of the respiratory system[2][7]. The leaves can also be used in the treatment of rheumatism, to ease lower back pains and to relieve stiff muscles and joints[17]. A decoction is a useful gargle for treating sore throats[17]. The plant is used in Bach flower remedies - the keywords for prescribing it are 'Extreme mental anguish', Hopelessness' and 'Despair'[18].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Canopy

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - where possible sow the seed as soon as it is ripe in a cold frame or in a seed bed outdoors[19]. The seed must be protected from mice and squirrels. The seed has a short viability and must not be allowed to become dry. It can be stored in a cool place, such as the salad compartment of a fridge, for a few months if it is kept moist, but check regularly for signs of germination. The seed should germinate in late winter or early spring. If sown in an outdoor seedbed, the plants can be left in situ for 1 - 2 years before planting them out in their permanent positions. If grown in pots, the plants can be put out into their permanent positions in the summer or autumn, making sure to give them some protection from the cold in their first winter[K].

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Castanea sativa. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a good well-drained slightly acid loam in a sunny position but it also succeeds in dry soils[20][21][22][23]. Once established, it is very drought tolerant[20][21][22][23]. Plants are very tolerant of highly acid, infertile dry sands[22]. Averse to calcareous soils but succeeds on harder limestones[21][22]. Tolerates maritime exposure though it is slower growing in such a position[24]. The dormant plant is very cold-hardy in Britain, though the young growth in spring, even on mature plants, is frost-tender[K]. The sweet chestnut is often cultivated for its edible seed in warm temperate zones, there are several named varieties[11][10]. Both 'Marron de Lyon' and 'Paragon' produce fruits with a single large kernel (rather than 2 - 4 smaller kernels) and so are preferred for commercial production[23]. Sweet chestnuts require a warm dry summer in order to ripen their fruit properly in Britain[8] and even then these seeds are generally inferior in size and quality to seeds grown in continental climates[2]. Most species in this genus are not very well adapted for the cooler maritime climate of Britain, preferring hotter summers, but this species grows well here[21][22]. An excellent soil-enriching understorey in pine forests[22]. Flowers are produced on wood of the current year's growth[25] and they are very attractive to bees[7].. Plants are fairly self-sterile[22]. They hybridize freely with other members of this genus[22]. At one time this tree was widely grown in coppiced woodlands for its wood, but the practise of coppicing has fallen into virtual disuse[21]. Trees regrow very quickly after being cut down, producing utilizable timber every 10 years. This species is not often seen in Cornwall though it grows very well there[26]. Trees take 30 years from seed to come into bearing[27]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[22].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Castanea sativa. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Castanea sativa.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Castanea sativa
Genus
Castanea
Family
Fagaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
5
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
  • Drought
  • Strong wind
  • Maritime exposure
Ecosystems
Native Climate Zones
None listed.
Adapted Climate Zones
None listed.
Native Geographical Range
None listed.
Native Environment
None listed.
Ecosystem Niche
Root Zone Tendancy
None listed.
Life
Deciduous or Evergreen
Herbaceous or Woody
Life Cycle
Growth Rate
Mature Size
Fertility
?
Pollinators
Flower Colour
?
Flower Type

"image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


"image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

"image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki."image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.





"image:Illustration Castanea sativa0.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


References

  1. ? 1.01.1 Hedrick. U. P. Sturtevant's Edible Plants of the World. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-20459-6 (1972-01-01)
  2. ? 2.002.012.022.032.042.052.062.072.082.092.10 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (1984-01-01)
  3. ? 3.03.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (1974-01-01)
  4. ? 4.04.1 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (1981-01-01)
  5. ? 5.05.1 Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 ()
  6. ? 6.06.1 Harrison. S. Wallis. M. Masefield. G. The Oxford Book of Food Plants. Oxford University Press (1975-01-01)
  7. ? 7.07.17.27.37.47.57.67.77.87.9 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (1984-01-01)
  8. ? 8.08.18.2 Howes. F. N. Nuts. Faber (1948-01-01)
  9. ? 9.09.1 Bianchini. F., Corbetta. F. and Pistoia. M. Fruits of the Earth. ()
  10. ? 10.010.110.210.310.4 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-01-01)
  11. ? 11.011.111.211.3 Uphof. J. C. Th. Dictionary of Economic Plants. Weinheim (1959-01-01)
  12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.4 Rottsieper. E.H.W. Vegetable Tannins The Forestal Land, Timber and Railways Co. Ltd. (1946-01-01)
  13. ? 13.013.113.2 Mabey. R. Plants with a Purpose. Fontana ISBN 0-00-635555-2 (1979-01-01)
  14. ? 14.014.1 Wright. D. Complete Book of Baskets and Basketry. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7449-4 (1977-01-01)
  15. ? 15.015.115.2 Polunin. O. Flowers of Europe - A Field Guide. Oxford University Press ISBN 0192176218 (1969-01-01)
  16. ? 16.016.1 Mills. S. Y. The Dictionary of Modern Herbalism. ()
  17. ? 17.017.117.2 Chevallier. A. The Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants Dorling Kindersley. London ISBN 9-780751-303148 (1996-01-01)
  18. ? 18.018.1 Chancellor. P. M. Handbook of the Bach Flower Remedies C. W. Daniel Co. Ltd. ISBN 85207 002 0 (1985-01-01)
  19. ? Sheat. W. G. Propagation of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers. MacMillan and Co (1948-01-01)
  20. ? 20.020.1 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-01-01)
  21. ? 21.021.121.221.321.421.5 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-01-01)
  22. ? 22.022.122.222.322.422.522.622.722.822.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-01-01)
  23. ? 23.023.123.2 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (1995-01-01)
  24. ? Rosewarne experimental horticultural station. Shelter Trees and Hedges. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (1984-01-01)
  25. ? Elias. T. The Complete Trees of N. America. Field Guide and Natural History. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. ISBN 0442238622 (1980-01-01)
  26. ? Thurston. Trees and Shrubs in Cornwall. ()
  27. ? Gordon. A. G. and Rowe. D. C. f. Seed Manual for Ornamental Trees and Shrubs. ()

Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-17" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.

Facts about "Castanea sativa"RDF feed
Article is incompleteYes +
Belongs to familyFagaceae +
Belongs to genusCastanea +
Has common nameSweet Chetsnut +
Has drought toleranceTolerant +
Has edible partUnknown part + and Seeds +
Has edible useCoffee substitute +, Unknown use + and Sweetener +
Has environmental toleranceMaritime exposure +, High wind + and Drought +
Has fertility typeBee +
Has flowers of typeMonoecious +
Has growth rateModerate +
Has hardiness zone5 +
Has imageIllustration Castanea sativa0.jpg +
Has lifecycle typePerennial +
Has material partUnknown part +
Has material useBasketry +, Fuel +, Hair care +, Starch +, Tannin + and Wood +
Has mature height30 +
Has mature width15 +
Has medicinal partUnknown part +
Has medicinal useAntiinflammatory +, Astringent +, Bach + and Expectorant +
Has primary imageIllustration Castanea sativa0.jpg +
Has search namecastanea sativa + and x +
Has shade toleranceNo shade +
Has soil ph preferenceVery acid +, Acid + and Neutral +
Has soil teclayture preferenceClay +
Has soil teloamyture preferenceLoamy +
Has soil tesandyture preferenceSandy +
Has soil water retention preferenceWell drained +
Has sun preferenceFull sun +
Has taxonomy nameCastanea sativa +
Has water requirementsmoderate +
Inhabits ecosystem nicheCanopy +
Is deciduous or evergreenDeciduous +
Is herbaceous or woodyWoody +
Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
Tolerates maritime exposureYes +
Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
Tolerates windYes +
Uses mature size measurement unitMeters +