This article has been marked as incomplete and in need of reformatting. Please help us to improve it.

Practical Plants is a community wiki. You can edit this page to improve the quality of the information it contains. To learn how, please read the editing guide.

Uses

Toxic parts

Although no individual reports regarding this species have been seen, there have been cases of poisoning caused by the consumption, in large quantities and by some mammals, of certain members of this genus. Dogs seem to be particularly susceptible[1].

Edible uses

Notes

Bulb - raw or cooked[2]. A strong onion flavour, it can be used in salads, as a cooked vegetable or as a flavouring in cooked foods[22, K]. The bulbs are rather small, perhaps 25mm in diameter, and are sometimes used as spring onions[3]. A nutritional analysis is available[4].

Leaves - raw or cooked[2]. They have a mild onion flavour[3] and can be added to salads or cooked as a vegetable[5]. The leaves are often available all through the winter if the weather is not too severe[K]. They contain about 1.4% protein, 0.3% fat, 4.6% carbohydrate, 0.8% ash, some vitamin B1 and moderate levels of vitamin C[6].

Flowers - raw. A pleasant onion flavour, but they are rather on the dry side[K].

Flowers

Leaves

Material uses

The juice of the plant is used as a moth repellent. The whole plant is said to repel insects and moles[7].

Unknown part

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

The bulb is antibacterial, antiseptic, diaphoretic, diuretic, galactogogue, stomachic, vermifuge and vulnerary[8][4]. It is used in the treatment of colds and abdominal coldness and fullness[8]. A tea made from the roots is a children's sedative[4]. Use of the bulb in the diet impedes internal parasites[4]. Externally, the bulb can be made into a poultice to drain pus from sores, boils and abscesses[9].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse. The seed germinates over a wide range of temperatures, it is faster at higher temperatures[10]. Prick out the seedlings into individual pots when they are large enough to handle. When well-grown, the plants should be ready to be planted out in the summer. If they are not large enough at this time, grow them on in the greenhouse for their first winter and plant them out in late spring. Division of the plants is very easy and can be done at almost any time of the year though the spring is probably best. The divisions can be planted out straight into their permanent positions if required.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Allium fistulosum. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

An easily grown plant[11], it prefers a sunny position in a light well-drained soil[12] but tolerates most soils[12][13] including those that are damp and acid[11]. Prefers a pH in the range 6.5 to 7.5[10], but it tolerates a pH in the range 4.9 to 7.5.

A very hardy species, it is related to the cultivated onion (A. cepa) and could be of value in breeding programmes. It is sometimes cultivated in the garden for its edible leaves which can be produced throughout the winter if the weather is not too severe[K]. A very popular cultivated vegetable in the Orient[10], it probably arose through cultivation from A. altaicum[11]. The oriental forms of this species, known as bunching onions, tend to be hardier and more robust than the welsh onion[10]. There are two basic forms, multi-stem types and single-stem types. The single-stem types divide less freely than the multi-stems[10]. Plants will often retain their leaves even when covered in snow[10]. They are also tolerant of high temperatures and can be grown in the tropics[10]. The plants are often eaten by slugs[K]. The bulbs should be planted fairly deeply[12]. Most members of this genus are intolerant of competition from other growing plants[11]. Grows well with most plants, especially roses, carrots, beet and chamomile, but it inhibits the growth of legumes[14][7][15]. This plant is a bad companion for alfalfa, each species negatively affecting the other[16].

Members of this genus are rarely if ever troubled by browsing deer[17].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Allium fistulosum. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Allium fistulosum.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Allium fistulosum
Genus
Allium
Family
Alliaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

    "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki., "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.





    "image:Allium fistulosum Ypey26.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found