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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Young leaves - raw or cooked as a potherb or as a flavouring in cooked foods[2][3][4][5][6][7][8]. A mild garlic and mustard flavour, the leaves are also believed to strengthen the digestive system[8]. They can be finely chopped and added to salads[9][10]. The leaves are available very early in the year and provide a very acceptable flavouring for salads in the winter[K]. Flowers and young seed pods - raw[6]. A mild, garlic-like flavour[K].

Flowers

Leaves

Seed

Material uses

A yellow dye is obtained from the whole plant[9].

Unknown part

Dye

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

Garlic mustard has been little used in herbal medicine[11]. The leaves and stems are antiasthmatic, antiscorbutic, antiseptic, deobstruent, diaphoretic, vermifuge and vulnerary[2][9]. The leaves have been taken internally to promote sweating and to treat bronchitis, asthma and eczema[2]. Externally, they have been used as an antiseptic poultice on ulcers etc[2], and are effective in relieving the itching caused by bites and stings[8]. The leaves and stems are harvested before the plant comes into flower and they can be dried for later use[12]. The roots are chopped up small and then heated in oil to make an ointment to rub on the chest in order to bring relief from bronchitis[13]. The juice of the plant has an inhibitory effect on Bacillus pyocyaneum and on gram-negative bacteria of the typhoid-paratyphoid-enteritis group[14]. The seeds have been used as a snuff to excite sneezing[2].

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow outdoors in situ either in spring or autumn.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Alliaria petiolata. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a damp rich alluvial soil[9][15]. Succeeds in damp shady places where few other herbs will grow[12]. A good woodland edge plant, it also grows well in the bottom of hedgerows[16] and will self-sow freely in suitable conditions[12]. On a calm day the plant emits a strong smell of garlic. This is especially pronounced if the leaves are bruised[13]. This species is an important food source for the orange-tip butterfly[12].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Alliaria petiolata. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Alliaria petiolata.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Alliaria petiolata
Genus
Alliaria
Family
Brassicaceae
Imported References
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
?
Heat Zone
?
Water
high
Sun
partial sun
Shade
permanent shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    1 x 0.4
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    ?
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Alliaria petiolata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Alliaria petiolata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Alliaria petiolata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


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    "image:Alliaria petiolata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Alliaria petiolata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.




    References

    1. ? Unknown The Real Transition Handbook:The Wild Food of Kentdale CA (2012/03/01)
    2. ? 2.02.12.22.32.42.52.6 Grieve. A Modern Herbal. Penguin ISBN 0-14-046-440-9 (32202/01/01)
    3. ? 3.03.1 Mabey. R. Food for Free. Collins ISBN 0-00-219060-5 (32202/01/01)
    4. ? 4.04.1 Launert. E. Edible and Medicinal Plants. Hamlyn ISBN 0-600-37216-2 (32202/01/01)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Loewenfeld. C. and Back. P. Britain's Wild Larder. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-7971-2 ()
    6. ? 6.06.16.2 Elias. T. and Dykeman. P. A Field Guide to N. American Edible Wild Plants. Van Nostrand Reinhold ISBN 0442222009 (32202/01/01)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Johnson. C. P. The Useful Plants of Great Britain. ()
    8. ? 8.08.18.28.38.4 Phillips. R. & Foy. N. Herbs Pan Books Ltd. London. ISBN 0-330-30725-8 (32202/01/01)
    9. ? 9.09.19.29.39.49.59.6 Chiej. R. Encyclopaedia of Medicinal Plants. MacDonald ISBN 0-356-10541-5 (32202/01/01)
    10. ? 10.010.1 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (32202/01/01)
    11. ? Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named PFAFimport-268
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.4 Bown. D. Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. Dorling Kindersley, London. ISBN 0-7513-020-31 (32202/01/01)
    13. ? 13.013.113.2 Genders. R. Scented Flora of the World. Robert Hale. London. ISBN 0-7090-5440-8 (32202/01/01)
    14. ? 14.014.1 Chopra. R. N., Nayar. S. L. and Chopra. I. C. Glossary of Indian Medicinal Plants (Including the Supplement). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. (32202/01/01)
    15. ? De. Bray. L. The Wild Garden. ()
    16. ? Baines. C. Making a Wildlife Garden. ()
    17. ? Clapham, Tootin and Warburg. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge University Press (32202/01/01)

    Cite error: <ref> tag with name "PFAFimport-13" defined in <references> is not used in prior text.


    "image:Alliaria petiolata2.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    Facts about "Alliaria petiolata"RDF feed
    Article is incompleteYes +
    Article requires citationsNo +
    Article requires cleanupYes +
    Belongs to familyBrassicaceae +
    Belongs to genusAlliaria +
    Has binomial nameAlliaria petiolata +
    Has common nameGarlic Mustard +
    Has drought toleranceIntolerant +
    Has edible partFlowers +, Leaves + and Seed +
    Has edible useUnknown use + and Seasoning +
    Has fertility typeSelf fertile +
    Has flowers of typeHermaphrodite +
    Has imageAlliaria petiolata2.jpg +
    Has lifecycle typeBiennial +
    Has material partUnknown part +
    Has material useDye +
    Has mature height1 +
    Has mature width0.4 +
    Has medicinal partUnknown part +
    Has medicinal useAntiasthmatic +, Antiscorbutic +, Antiseptic +, Deobstruent +, Diaphoretic +, Sternutatory +, Vermifuge + and Vulnerary +
    Has primary imageAlliaria petiolata2.jpg +
    Has search namealliaria petiolata + and garlic mustard +
    Has seed requiring scarificationNo +
    Has seed requiring stratificationNo +
    Has shade tolerancePermanent shade +
    Has soil ph preferenceAcid +, Neutral + and Alkaline +
    Has soil texture preferenceSandy +, Loamy + and Clay +
    Has sun preferencePartial sun +
    Has taxonomic rankSpecies +
    Has taxonomy nameAlliaria petiolata +
    Has water requirementshigh +
    Is taxonomy typeSpecies +
    PFAF cultivation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF edible use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF material use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF medicinal use notes migratedYes +
    PFAF propagation notes migratedYes +
    PFAF toxicity notes migratedYes +
    Tolerates air pollutionNo +
    Tolerates maritime exposureNo +
    Tolerates nutritionally poor soilNo +
    Tolerates windNo +
    Has subobjectThis property is a special property in this wiki.Alliaria petiolata +, Alliaria petiolata +, Alliaria petiolata +, Alliaria petiolata +, Alliaria petiolata +, Alliaria petiolata +, Alliaria petiolata +, Alliaria petiolata +, Alliaria petiolata +, Alliaria petiolata +, Alliaria petiolata + and Alliaria petiolata +