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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Fruit - raw, cooked or dried for later use[1][2][3][4]. Sweet and agreeable[1][5]. It contains up to 5 times the vitamin C of blackcurrants[5]. The fruit is up to 2cm in diameter[6]. It contains a number of small seeds, but these are easily eaten with the fruit[K]. Young leaves - cooked[3][7]. Used as a potherb or added to soups[4].

Fruit

Leaves

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Actinidia kolomikta.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Actinidia kolomikta.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Climber

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - sow spring in a greenhouse[8]. It is probably best if the seed is given 3 months stratification[9], either sow it in a cold frame as soon as it is ripe in November or as soon as it is received. Fresh seed germinates in 2 - 3 months at 10°c, stored seed can take longer[8]. When they are large enough to handle, prick the seedlings out into individual pots and grow them on in light shade in the greenhouse for at least their first winter. When the plants are 30cm or more tall, plant them out into their permanent positions in late spring or early summer, after the last expected frosts[K]. Most seedlings are male[10]. The seedlings are subject to damping off, they must be kept well ventilated[9].

Cuttings of softwood as soon as ready in spring in a frame[K]. Cuttings of half-ripe wood, July/August in a frame. Very high percentage[9].

Cuttings of ripe wood, October/November in a frame.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Actinidia kolomikta. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Prefers a sound loamy neutral soil[11][12]. Succeeds in semi-shade but full sun is best for fruit production[12]. Another report says that the plant prefers semi-shade[13]. Prefers a sheltered position[12]. When grown in a sunny position the leaves normally develop a strong variegation[14]. Prefers a neutral soil, plants become more variegated when they are grown in a limy soil[12].

Very cold resistant, dormant plants are hardy to at least -30°c but new growth in spring can be cut back by late frosts[5][13][12]. Plants grow well on a wall and can also be grown into trees[1]. Cats are very fond of this plant and can damage it by scratching it etc[1][2][12]. A very ornamental plant[1], there are some named varieties that have been selected for their edible fruit[4][12]. The form most often cultivated in this country is a male and it is quite possible that all the plants grown here have been developed from a single clone[14]. Often confused with the closely related A. polygama, but it can be distinguished by its leaves which are heart-shaped at the base whilst those of A. polygama are tapered[14]. Fruits are produced on second year wood or on fruit spurs on older wood[10], any pruning is best carried out in the winter[14]. The flowers are sweetly scented[15]. This is a climbing plant, supporting itself by twining around branches etc[12]. Plants in this genus are notably resistant to honey fungus[12].

Dioecious. Male and female plants must be grown if seed is required.

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Actinidia kolomikta. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Actinidia kolomikta.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Actinidia kolomikta
Genus
Actinidia
Family
Actinidiaceae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
4
Heat Zone
?
Water
moderate
Sun
full sun
Shade
light shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    ?
    Growth Rate
    ?
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    References

    1. ? 1.01.11.21.31.41.5 F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.12.2 Simmons. A. E. Growing Unusual Fruit. David and Charles ISBN 0-7153-5531-7 (1972-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.13.2 Tanaka. T. Tanaka's Cyclopaedia of Edible Plants of the World. Keigaku Publishing (1976-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.15.25.3 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
    6. ? 6.06.1 Li. H. L. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. Volume 32. Arnold Arboretum. (1952-00-00)
    7. ? 7.07.1 Kunkel. G. Plants for Human Consumption. Koeltz Scientific Books ISBN 3874292169 (1984-00-00)
    8. ? 8.08.1 Rice. G. (Editor) Growing from Seed. Volume 1. Thompson and Morgan. (1987-00-00)
    9. ? 9.09.19.2 Dirr. M. A. and Heuser. M. W. The Reference Manual of Woody Plant Propagation. Athens Ga. Varsity Press ISBN 0942375009 (1987-00-00)
    10. ? 10.010.1 ? The Plantsman. Vol. 6. 1984 - 1985. Royal Horticultural Society (1984-00-00)
    11. ? 11.011.1 Bean. W. Trees and Shrubs Hardy in Great Britain. Vol 1 - 4 and Supplement. Murray (1981-00-00)
    12. ? 12.012.112.212.312.412.512.612.712.812.9 Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)
    13. ? 13.013.1 Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. ()
    14. ? 14.014.114.214.3 Grey-Wilson. C. & Matthews. V. Gardening on Walls Collins ISBN 0-00-219220-0 (1983-00-00)
    15. ? Phillips. R. & Rix. M. Shrubs. Pan Books ISBN 0-330-30258-2 (1989-00-00)
    16. ? Ohwi. G. Flora of Japan. (English translation) Smithsonian Institution (1965-00-00)

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