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Uses

Edible uses

Notes

Seed - cooked[1]. It can be used as a cereal. A staple food of the native North American Indians[2][3], the long black delicious grain is eaten as an expensive gourmet meal[4]. It is used in the same ways that rice is used and is sometimes added to rice dishes to impart its subtle flavour. The seed can also be ground into a meal and used in making bread, thickening soups etc[4]. It is a very rich source of riboflavin and is also rich in niacin[5]. The base of the culms is used as a vegetable[6].

Material uses

There are no material uses listed for Zizania aquatica.

Medicinal uses(Warning!)

There are no medicinal uses listed for Zizania aquatica.

Ecology

Ecosystem niche/layer

Ecological Functions

Nothing listed.

Forage

Nothing listed.

Shelter

Nothing listed.

Propagation

Seed - it must not be allowed to dry out or it will quickly lose its viability, usually within 4 weeks[7]. Store collected seed in jars of water in a cool place such as the salad compartment of a fridge. Sow the seed in spring. Immerse the pots so that they are covered by about 5cm of water. It is best to sow 2 seeds per 7cm pot in a greenhouse in order to get early germination and a better chance of a crop[7]. Pot on as required and plant out about 30cm square in May, by which time the plants should be 20 - 30cm tall[7]. Larger quantities can be sown in shallow boxes and plunged into the pond etc in May.

Practical Plants is currently lacking information on propagation instructions of Zizania aquatica. Help us fill in the blanks! Edit this page to add your knowledge.



Cultivation

Easily grown in water up to 60cm deep, it tolerates water up to 1 metre deep though it prefers growing in water 10 - 20cm deep[7]. It dislikes stagnant water[8].

A very ornamental plant[9], it grows, flowers and fruits well in the lake and lily pond at Kew[7]. Plants can self-sow in Britain, but the seed tends to germinate too late to mature a fresh crop of seed in this country, so the plant gradually dies out[7]. It would possibly maintain itself in areas such as the Isle of Wight, Cambridgeshire and Norfolk[7]. It is a very hardy plant, the seed survives being frozen in ice[7]. Plants grown at a 30cm square spacing can produce 20 or more flowering shoots[7]. Often collected from the wild, this plant is now being cultivated commercially for its edible seed[4]. It is considered a gourmet's delicacy and is sold in many parts of the world, usually in health food shops and usually at a very high price[7].

Plants require protection from wild fowl otherwise they will devour the young growth[7]. Plants are occasionally sown by lakes and rivers in Europe to attract wild fowl[10].

Crops

Problems, pests & diseases

Associations & Interactions

There are no interactions listed for Zizania aquatica. Do you know of an interaction that should be listed here? edit this page to add it.

Polycultures & Guilds

There are no polycultures listed which include Zizania aquatica.

Descendants

Cultivars

Varieties

None listed.

Subspecies

None listed.

Full Data

This table shows all the data stored for this plant.

Taxonomy
Binomial name
Zizania aquatica
Genus
Zizania
Family
Gramineae
Imported References
Edible uses
Medicinal uses
Material uses & Functions
Botanic
Propagation
Cultivation
Environment
Cultivation
Uses
Edible uses
None listed.
Material uses
None listed.
Medicinal uses
None listed.
Functions & Nature
Functions
Provides forage for
Provides shelter for
Environment
Hardiness Zone
6
Heat Zone
?
Water
aquatic
Sun
full sun
Shade
no shade
Soil PH
Soil Texture
Soil Water Retention
Environmental Tolerances
    Ecosystems
    Native Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Adapted Climate Zones
    None listed.
    Native Geographical Range
    None listed.
    Native Environment
    None listed.
    Ecosystem Niche
    None listed.
    Root Zone Tendancy
    None listed.
    Life
    Deciduous or Evergreen
    ?
    Herbaceous or Woody
    ?
    Life Cycle
    Growth Rate
    Mature Size
    Fertility
    ?
    Pollinators
    Flower Colour
    ?
    Flower Type

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    "image:Zizania aquatica 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki. "image:Zizania aquatica 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.


    "image:Zizania aquatica 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

    "image:Zizania aquatica 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.

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    "image:Zizania aquatica 01.jpg|248px" cannot be used as a page name in this wiki.






    References

    1. ? 1.01.1 Moerman. D. Native American Ethnobotany Timber Press. Oregon. ISBN 0-88192-453-9 (1998-00-00)
    2. ? 2.02.1 Saunders. C. F. Edible and Useful Wild Plants of the United States and Canada. Dover Publications ISBN 0-486-23310-3 (1976-00-00)
    3. ? 3.03.1 McPherson. A. and S. Wild Food Plants of Indiana. Indiana University Press ISBN 0-253-28925-4 (1977-00-00)
    4. ? 4.04.14.24.3 Facciola. S. Cornucopia - A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications ISBN 0-9628087-0-9 (1990-00-00)
    5. ? 5.05.1 Natural Food Institute, Wonder Crops. 1987. ()
    6. ? 6.06.1 Komarov. V. L. Flora of the USSR. Israel Program for Scientific Translation (1968-00-00)
    7. ? 7.007.017.027.037.047.057.067.077.087.097.10 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Kew Bulletin. 1909 Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (1909-00-00)
    8. ? Riotte. L. Companion Planting for Successful Gardening. Garden Way, Vermont, USA. ISBN 0-88266-064-0 (1978-00-00)
    9. ? F. Chittendon. RHS Dictionary of Plants plus Supplement. 1956 Oxford University Press (1951-00-00)
    10. ? ? Flora Europaea Cambridge University Press (1964-00-00)
    11. ? Fernald. M. L. Gray's Manual of Botany. American Book Co. (1950-00-00)
    12. ? Huxley. A. The New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. 1992. MacMillan Press ISBN 0-333-47494-5 (1992-00-00)

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